What Did Cats Symbolize in Egypt? Unveiling the Secrets of Feline Worship in Ancient Egypt

Cats have always held a significant place in human history, but perhaps no civilization revered them quite as much as ancient Egypt did. The Egyptians believed that these feline creatures had a divine connection and attributed them with various mystical powers. They even went as far as to create elaborate shrines dedicated to cats and mummify them when they passed away. But what did cats symbolize in Egypt exactly and why were they held in such high regard?

The answer to this question takes us back to the dawn of Egyptian civilization when the local wildcats were first noticed for their rodent-hunting abilities. As the Egyptians developed an agricultural way of life, they began to see these small predators as protectors of their crops and homes. Soon enough, cats became associated with practicality and usefulness which eventually led to their adoption as household pets – a status that they held exclusively in ancient Egypt. As time went on, cats began to be regarded as protectors of their owners, symbolizing loyalty and affection.

As the cult of the cat grew stronger in Egypt, their symbolism became more multifaceted. The goddess Bastet, who was depicted with the head of a cat, became a prominent figure in the pantheon of Egyptian gods. Her image was associated with fertility, abundance, and protection. As a result, cats began to be considered as representations of the goddess – bringing with them her blessings and providing their owners with good fortune. By the time the dynasty era began, cats became even more intertwined with Egyptian symbolism and art – remaining an integral part of their culture for centuries to come.

Cats as Symbols of Goddesses

The Ancient Egyptians worshipped cats and believed that they had connections to their gods and goddesses. Cats were seen as divine animals and they played a significant role in Egyptian mythology. Many goddesses were portrayed with the heads of cats, emphasizing their importance in Egyptian culture and religion.

  • Bastet: This goddess was represented as a woman with the head of a cat or lioness. She was the goddess of fertility, love, and motherhood, and was believed to protect pregnant women and children. Bastet was also the protector of the pharaohs and was associated with the sun and the moon. The domesticated cat was believed to be a physical manifestation of Bastet.
  • Sekhmet: This goddess was depicted as a woman with the head of a lioness. She was the goddess of war and disease, and was believed to have the power to destroy enemies and protect her followers. Sekhmet was considered a fierce and powerful deity and her image was used to ward off evil spirits.
  • Mafdet: This goddess was depicted as a woman with the head of a cheetah or a lynx. She was the goddess of justice and was believed to protect the pharaohs from dangerous animals and venomous snakes. Mafdet was associated with the goddess Bastet, and both were believed to provide protection and good luck to their followers.

Cats were also seen as symbols of protection and were often depicted as guarding the pharaohs and their tombs. The domesticated cat was believed to have magical powers and was highly regarded in Ancient Egypt. They were often mummified and buried with their owners, as they were believed to possess the ability to guide the deceased to the afterlife.

Overall, cats played an important role in Ancient Egyptian society and were associated with many gods and goddesses. They were seen as symbols of protection, fertility, and power, and their images were used to ward off evil spirits and protect the pharaohs from harm.

Mummified cats and their purpose

The ancient Egyptians had a great affinity towards cats, which is evidenced by their frequent inclusion in tomb paintings, sculptures, and various works of art. They believed that cats were sacred creatures that possessed magical powers, and therefore, they were revered as divine animals. This high regard for cats is evident in the practice of mummifying them, which was a common ritual during their time.

Cats were mummified as a way of honoring them, and they were often given as offerings to the goddess Bastet, who was the patron of felines. Bastet was believed to have a protective influence on the Pharaoh and his family, and it was believed that if they treated cats with respect and kindness, then they would receive her blessings.

  • One of the primary reasons for mummifying a cat was to provide a companion for their owners in the afterlife. Egyptians believed that by mummifying their loyal companions, they could ensure their cats’ protection and companionship in the afterlife.
  • Another reason why cats were mummified was to use them as offerings to the gods. These mummified cats were presented as gifts to the gods in hopes of seeking protection and blessings from them.
  • Mummified cats were also seen as a symbol of wealth and status. Wealthy families would often commission the mummification of their cats and place them in elaborate tombs or shrines as a display of their prosperity and status.

The process of mummification involved removing the internal organs, stuffing the body with linen or sand, and wrapping the entire body in bandages. The cats were then placed in elaborate sarcophagi and adorned with jewelry and other ornaments. Sometimes multiple cats were mummified and placed in the same sarcophagus as a sign of unity and companionship in the afterlife.

Cat BreedSymbolism
MauSacredness and Protection
SphinxMagic and Mystery
SiameseRoyalty and Prestige

The act of mummifying cats was a significant part of Ancient Egyptian culture and religion, and it is a testament to their devotion to these remarkable creatures. Today, the practice of mummifying cats may seem strange, but it was a crucial aspect of ancient Egyptian life and continues to captivate and fascinate people around the world.

Depictions of cats in artwork

Egyptian artwork heavily featured cats, particularly domesticated cats, throughout their history. The feline form was represented through statues, sculptures, and paintings. These works portrayed cats with intricate detail and emphasized their lithe, graceful movements.

One prominent example of feline art is the Gayer-Anderson Cat, which was made during the Late Period in Egypt. This bronze statue is expertly crafted, and its detailed fur and defined musculature create the illusion of a living, breathing animal. The cat sits with its front paws tucked under its body, its eyes closed, and its expression serene. Its posture suggests that the cat is at rest, representing a sense of calm and contentment that Egyptians sought to emulate in their own lives.

Symbolism in Cat Artwork

  • The domestic cat was closely associated with the goddess Bastet, who was worshipped as a protector of both felines and humans. In many depictions, Bastet was portrayed with a cat’s head, emphasizing the close relationship between goddess and animal.
  • Cats also symbolized the sun god Ra, who was depicted with a feline head. The god’s connection to the sun, and therefore to light and warmth, made the cat a symbol of comfort and protection.
  • Black cats were particularly revered in ancient Egypt because they were believed to possess magical qualities. They were associated with the goddess Isis, who was considered the epitome of femininity and grace. Black cats were also believed to bring good luck, wealth, and prosperity to their owners.

Cat Mummies and Burials

It wasn’t uncommon for Egyptians to mummify their cats, particularly those who belonged to royalty or high-ranking officials. These mummies were often made as a sign of respect for the animal’s role in Egyptian life.

Cats were also buried in elaborate tombs, which some historians believe were built to serve as cat sanctuaries. These tombs often contained intricate carvings, paintings, and sculptures of the feline form. They served as a means of honoring the cat’s significance in Egyptian culture and ensuring its place in the afterlife.


In conclusion, cats were incredibly important to ancient Egyptians and were incorporated into every aspect of their culture, from art to religion. The feline’s grace, beauty, and power made it a symbol of strength and comfort that Egyptians sought to emulate. Today, cats continue to hold a special place in the hearts and homes of people around the world, thanks in part to their rich history in Egypt.

Cats in Egyptian ArtMeaning
The Gayer-Anderson Cat
(Late Period)
Represents calmness and contentment
Depictions of Bastet with a cat’s headSymbolizes protection
Black catsAssociated with good luck and wealth
Cat mummies and burialsA sign of respect for the animal’s role in Egyptian life

In addition to their cultural significance, cats in Egyptian art continue to inspire artists and cat lovers alike. Their elegance and beauty make them a timeless symbol of grace and power that resonates across cultures and generations.

Cats as Protectors

In ancient Egypt, cats were not only revered as sacred but also recognized as powerful protectors. They were believed to possess the ability to keep evil spirits and snakes away from homes and temples. The ancient Egyptians saw cats as living incarnations of the goddess Bastet, who was the goddess of fertility, domesticity, love, and protection. This belief made sure that cats were treated like royalty in ancient Egypt and were given the utmost care and respect.

  • Cats were allowed to roam free in ancient Egyptian homes and were even permitted to sleep in their owner’s beds. This is because they believed that cats could keep evil spirits and other dangerous creatures away from them and their families.
  • Cats were also seen as protectors of the harvest. They were considered effective in keeping rodents away from grain stores and fields, ensuring a fruitful harvest for the community.
  • During battles, cats were often placed on the front line as protectors, accompanying soldiers into war. It was believed that cats had the ability to detect danger before it arrived and could warn soldiers of an impending attack.

The Egyptians believed that cats had a unique ability to communicate with the spiritual realm and could serve as messengers between the world of the living and the dead. They would often mummify their cats and place them in tombs to accompany their owners into the afterlife.

Moreover, a statue of the goddess Bastet with the head of a cat was also placed at the entrance of many ancient Egyptian homes. It was believed that the statue would ward off all evil spirits and protect the home and its inhabitants from harm.

Cat NameOwnerSignificance
TombiliIstanbul ResidentHero Cat and Social Media Star in Istanbul, known for lounging outside of a shop
StubbsTalkeetna, AlaskaMayor of Talkeetna, Alaska
LarryBritish Prime MinisterChief Mouser to the Cabinet Office at 10 Downing Street

Cats played an essential role in ancient Egyptian society; they were believed to have powerful spiritual significance and were revered for their ability to protect homes, fields, and people. Today, cats continue to hold a special place in our hearts and homes, and many believe that they can bring good luck and serve as protectors. The stories of heroic cats like Tombili, Stubbs, and Larry are a testament to their timeless appeal as protectors and companions, just like their revered ancestors in ancient Egypt.

The Role of Cats in Daily Life

Cats have always played an important role in Egyptian society and culture. They were not just viewed as pets, but rather, they were revered and worshipped as sacred animals. Here are the many roles that cats played in the daily lives of ancient Egyptians:

  • Cats were used for their pest control abilities. They hunted mice, rats, and other critters that plagued Egyptian homes and storage facilities, protecting their food and crops.
  • Cats were seen as symbols of grace, poise, and agility. They were admired for their nimble movements, and were often depicted in artwork and sculptures.
  • Cats were kept as pets by many Egyptians; they were cherished and given a place of honor in their homes and sometimes even buried alongside their owners.
  • Cats were believed to possess special powers that could ward off evil spirits and protect homes and families. Some Egyptians even believed that cats could see into the future and bring good luck.
  • Cats were worshipped as manifestations of the goddess Bastet, the protector of women, childbirth, and fertility. Bastet was often depicted as a woman with the head of a cat, and temples were built in her honor throughout Egypt.

Cats in Egyptian Art and Religion

Cats played such a prominent role in Egyptian society that they were often featured in art and even in religious ceremonies. As mentioned, the goddess Bastet was often depicted with the head of a cat, and she was believed to protect women during childbirth and promote fertility.

Many Egyptians would adorn themselves with jewelry depicting cats, wear clothing with images of cats, and even mummify and bury their cats with great care and ceremony. Cats were not just seen as mere animals, but rather, they were viewed as divine beings that deserved the utmost respect.

Egyptian Cat ArtEgyptian Bronze Cat Art
Egyptian – Cats – Walters 411713.1Ancient_Egyptian_Bronze_Cats_-_Walters_4827, 4828, 4829

As you can see, cats were a beloved and integral part of ancient Egyptian culture. They were not only valued for their practical contributions, but also for their beauty and spiritual significance.

Cat Worship in Egyptian Religion

Ancient Egyptians were known for their fascination with cats, as they were regarded as sacred animals in their religion. In fact, the ancient Egyptians worshiped a number of feline deities, which were the embodiment of different aspects of life.

  • Bastet: The goddess of home, fertility, childbirth, and women, Bastet was the most popular feline deity in Egypt. She was depicted with the head of a cat and the body of a woman, and was associated with the sun, the moon, and protection.
  • Mafdet: Considered the protector of the Pharaoh, Mafdet was a powerful goddess, who was often represented as a lioness. She was believed to have the power to ward off evil spirits and was revered for her ferocious nature.
  • Sekhmet: Known as the goddess of war, Sekhmet was often depicted as a lioness or a woman with the head of a lioness. She was believed to be the defender of Ma’at, the goddess of the balance of the universe, and was called upon to protect Egypt from its enemies.

Apart from these three deities, there were other feline goddesses such as Tefnut, Neith and Wadjet who were also highly revered. Cats were seen as the guardians of the afterlife and were believed to hold supernatural powers.

One of the most prominent examples of cat worship in ancient Egypt is the town of Bubastis, which was dedicated to the worship of Bastet. The annual festival of Bastet was celebrated with great fanfare, and thousands of pilgrims flocked to the town to honor the goddess. They would also offer mummified cats as sacrifices, which were believed to serve as messengers between the living and the dead.

The ancient Egyptians also believed that cats had healing powers, and they were often kept as pets in households. However, killing a cat was a crime punishable by death, and anyone who harmed a cat would face severe punishment.

Cat Gods and GoddessesAttributes
BastetGoddess of fertility, home, childbirth, and women
SekhmetGoddess of war and defender of the goddess of balance and Ma’at
MafdetProtector and defender of the Pharaoh

Cat worship was an integral part of Egyptian religion, and the ancient Egyptians saw cats as divine beings that had a special connection with the spiritual world. It is no wonder that cats still hold a special place in our hearts today, thousands of years after their worship was an integral part of Egyptian culture.

The Significance of Cat Burials

The ancient Egyptians considered cats to be sacred animals, worshipped as the embodiment of the goddess Bastet. The popular belief was that cats could bring good fortune and protect their owners from danger, making them highly revered and valued. Pharaohs and wealthy citizens alike owned cats, and they were often presented as gifts to foreign dignitaries.

One of the most fascinating aspects of Egyptian cat worship was the practice of cat burials. Cats were mummified and laid to rest in elaborate sarcophagi, often alongside offerings of food, water, and other valuable items. The process of mummification was incredibly intricate, involving the removal of organs, the coating of the body with resin, and wrapping it in linen bandages.

  • The number 7
  • The symbolism behind the number 7 in cat burials
  • Examples of 7 cat mummies found in Egypt

The number 7 was particularly significant in cat burials. It is believed to be a reference to the seven lives that cats were thought to possess, which is also reflected in the multiple depictions of cats with seven tails or seven ears. Additionally, seven was considered a lucky number in ancient Egypt and was frequently used in religious rituals and ceremonies.

Examples of the significance of the number 7 in cat burials can be seen in the discovery of seven cat mummies in a tomb in the Saqqara necropolis. The mummies were arranged in a carefully constructed pyramid, each wrapped in linen and adorned with amulets and jewelry. The discovery of these mummies provides insight into the intricate rituals associated with Egyptian cat worship.

Cat MummyLocationDescription
1SaqqaraMummified with offerings of jewelry and food
2ThebesFound in the temple of Amun with gilded decorations
3AbydosDecorated with linen and gold amulets of Bastet
4Beni HasanMummified and buried with a clay cat figurine
5MemphisFound in a sealed burial chamber with offerings of beer and wine
6Tuna el-GebelDecorated with gold leaf and hieroglyphic inscriptions
7AbydosFound in a pit with several other cat mummies

The discovery of multiple cat mummies with the number 7 and other significant symbols shows just how important cats were in ancient Egyptian religion and society. The practice of cat burial was a significant part of religious and cultural life, and these elaborate rituals were carried out with great care and reverence.

Black cats and their meaning

In Ancient Egypt, cats were highly regarded and revered by its people. The Egyptians placed a high value on their feline companions, believing they were sacred creatures that were directly linked to gods and goddesses. Black cats, in particular, played a significant role in Egyptian culture, symbolizing both luck and protection.

  • Protection: Black cats were believed to possess protective powers, and therefore were often seen as guardians of the home. It was common for families to keep at least one black cat in their household to ward off evil spirits, and to protect their home and family from harm. In fact, it was believed that harming or killing a black cat would bring about disastrous consequences.
  • Luck: Black cats were also seen as symbols of good luck. The Egyptians believed that the color black was associated with the underworld, and therefore was a powerful force that could help one succeed in life. Black cats were symbols of this power, and were thought to bring good fortune to those who owned them.
  • Sacredness: In addition to their powers of protection and luck, black cats were also considered sacred animals in Ancient Egypt. They were often associated with the goddess Bastet, who was the goddess of cats, fertility, women, and children. Bastet was depicted as a woman with the head of a lioness or a domestic cat, and was seen as a protector of women and children. It was believed that black cats were her messengers and protectors, and were highly revered in her honor.

Overall, black cats played a significant role in Ancient Egyptian society, with their symbolism woven into the fabric of everyday life. From their protective powers to their links to the divine, these creatures were revered and cherished by the people of Ancient Egypt, and continue to hold a special place in our hearts today.

Color BlackAssociated with the underworld and powerful forces
Goddess BastetProtector of women and children, associated with cats
Protective PowersBelieved to protect the home and ward off evil spirits
Good LuckConsidered a symbol of good luck and prosperity

Domestication of Cats in Ancient Egypt

The ancient Egyptians had a special reverence for cats. They believed that gods and goddesses took the form of cats, and that these felines brought blessings to their homes. As a result, cats were highly regarded, and even worshiped, as sacred beings.

The ancient Egyptians domesticated cats as early as 4,000 years ago. Unlike in other parts of the world, where cats were often kept as hunting aids, the Egyptians kept cats as house pets. They were so esteemed that many families gave them names, and even mummified them when they died.

  • The Egyptians considered cats to be symbols of grace, poise, and elegance. They believed that they had magical qualities, and that they could protect their homes from evil spirits.
  • Cats were seen as sacred animals, and harming one was considered a serious offense. It was punishable by death.
  • Cats were also used to control the rodent population. This was especially important because mice could eat crops and contaminate food supplies.

In ancient Egypt, cats held an important place in the lives of both rich and poor. They were valued for their beauty, grace, and hunting abilities. Their domestication allowed them to become beloved members of many household, and they continue to be popular pets today.

Here is a table of some of the most commonly depicted cat breeds in ancient Egyptian art:

MauAncient Egyptian domestic cat breed that is believed to be the ancestor of the modern-day Egyptian Mau
MunchkinShort-legged cat breed that is depicted in ancient Egyptian art
SphynxHairless cat breed that is thought to have originated in ancient Egypt

The Egyptians’ belief in the cat’s magical powers and reverence for these creatures led to their widespread domestication, and ultimately to their position as beloved pets. As a result, their depictions of these animals can be seen throughout ancient Egyptian art, and they continue to be adored by people all over the world today.

The magic and superstitions surrounding cats in ancient Egypt

With their mysterious and captivating aura, it is no surprise that cats played a significant role in the magic and superstitions of ancient Egyptians. They were considered sacred and were revered as divine beings. Anyone who harmed a cat was punished with severe penalties, including the death penalty. Here are some of the magic and superstitions surrounding cats in ancient Egypt:

The number 10

  • The number 10 was of great importance to the ancient Egyptians. It represented completion and perfection, which is why they believed that cats possessed 10 lives. If a cat of their household died, they would place the cat in a coffin and mourn for it as they would for a human being.
  • The 10th day of the lunar calendar was celebrated as the festival of Bastet, the goddess of cats, fertility, and childbirth. During this festival, people would dress in cat costumes and parade throughout the city, making offerings to the goddess.
  • Additionally, the ancient Egyptians believed that the goddess Bastet had 10 different aspects, each of which was represented by a different domestic animal. However, the cat was the animal most closely associated with her.

The Egyptian Cat Cult

The Egyptian Cat Cult was a religious movement that began in ancient Egypt, dedicated to the worship of cats. The cult believed that cats were divine beings who served as protectors to their guardians and could purify their homes from evil spirits.

Many people, even those who were not members of the cult, kept cats in their homes as a form of protection and good luck. It was believed that by having a cat in your home, you were increasing your chances of having a prosperous life.

The Protective Power of Cats

The ancient Egyptians believed that cats were magical creatures that had the power to protect their guardians from all sorts of harm. Even the simplest of gestures, such as stroking a cat’s fur, was believed to bring good luck and health to the one who performed it.

Moreover, it was believed that the presence of a cat prevented the entry of evil spirits into the home. Often, people would carry amulets in the shape of a cat as a form of protection, or they would place figurines of cats in their homes to ward off evil spirits.

It is fascinating how the ancient Egyptians had such reverence for cats that their culture developed a cult dedicated to its worship. Today, cats are still held in high regard, and many people consider them to be good luck. It makes one wonder whether the superstitions surrounding cats will continue to be passed down through the generations.

Cat Gods and GoddessesAspects Represented
BastetCats, fertility, childbirth
HathorMusic, dance, motherhood, joy, fertility, childbirth
MehenetProtector of childbirth, goddess of the mist and clouds
MafdetProtector against venomous bites and stings, goddess of justice

Overall, the magic and superstitions surrounding cats in ancient Egypt were an essential part of their religious and cultural traditions. They believed that cats possessed divine qualities and had the power to protect their guardians from all sorts of dangers.

Common FAQs about What Did Cats Symbolize in Egypt

1. What did cats represent in ancient Egyptian culture?
– Cats were often depicted as symbols of grace, agility, and divine protection. They were also associated with the goddess Bastet, who was frequently depicted as a cat or lioness.

2. Why were cats so revered in ancient Egypt?
– Cats were highly valued for their ability to protect households and crops from rodents and snakes, which were seen as a threat to human life. They were also considered sacred animals and were believed to have supernatural powers.

3. Were all cats considered sacred in ancient Egypt?
– While domesticated cats were seen as valuable, only certain breeds were elevated to deity status. These cats were treated with great respect and were often mummified after death.

4. Did ancient Egyptians worship cats?
– While cats were respected and revered in ancient Egypt, they were not worshipped in the same way that gods and goddesses were. Rather, they were seen as embodiments of certain deities.

5. What role did cats play in Egyptian mythology?
– Cats were associated with several gods and goddesses, including Bastet, Sekhmet, and Ra. They were often portrayed as protectors and defenders, especially in battles against mythological creatures.

6. How were cats depicted in ancient Egyptian art?
– Cats were often depicted as graceful and elegant creatures, with long tails and expressive faces. They were frequently shown alongside human figures, symbolizing their close relationship with humans.

7. What impact did the ancient Egyptians’ attitude toward cats have on modern culture?
– The ancient Egyptians’ reverence for cats has influenced modern culture in diverse ways, from pet ownership to popular media such as the musical Cats.

Thanks for Reading!

We hope you found this exploration of what cats symbolized in ancient Egypt informative and engaging. From their role as protectors and defenders to their association with powerful deities, cats played a significant role in Egyptian mythology and culture. Thank you for taking the time to learn about this fascinating historical topic, and we encourage you to come back and explore other areas of interest with us in the future.