What Do Cherubs Symbolize? Understanding the Spiritual Significance of Cherubic Imagery

Cherubs have been a prominent symbol in many cultures for centuries. These winged creatures are often depicted as chubby babies with innocent faces and beautiful wings. They’re usually associated with love and the divine, and their appearance can be found in various forms of art, literature, and religious artifacts. But what do cherubs symbolize, and why have they remained so popular throughout history?

The idea of cherubs can be traced back to ancient Mesopotamia, where winged figures were commonly used as decoration in temples and palaces. Over time, this concept was adopted by many other cultures, including the Greeks, Romans, and Christians. In Christianity, cherubs are often portrayed as angelic beings who serve as messengers of God. They are associated with purity, innocence, and love, and their appearance is meant to inspire awe and reverence in those who see them.

But cherubs aren’t just confined to religious contexts. They’ve also been used in secular art and literature to represent a variety of ideas and emotions. For example, in Renaissance art, cherubs were often included in scenes of love and passion, serving as a symbol of the intense emotions felt by the figures depicted. In contemporary popular culture, cherubs are sometimes associated with Valentine’s Day and romantic love, appearing on greeting cards, candy boxes, and other holiday merchandise. In short, cherubs have become a versatile and enduring symbol, representing everything from divine love to earthly passions.

Origins of cherub symbolism

Cherubs, also known as cherubim, hold a prominent place in religious and mythological iconography. These winged creatures are known for their youthful appearance and angelic attributes, and have been a symbol of love, purity, and innocence for centuries. The origins of cherub symbolism can be traced back to ancient Near Eastern cultures, where they were depicted as deities and guardians.

In Mesopotamian art, cherubs were depicted as sphinx-like creatures with the head of a man, wings of an eagle, and the body of a lion. They were often depicted guarding the entrance to sacred locations such as temples and palaces, and were believed to have protective and powerful qualities. In ancient Egypt, the god Horus was often depicted as a winged cherub, representing the power of the sun and creation.

As monotheistic religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam emerged, cherubs took on new meanings and roles. In Judaism, cherubs were depicted as the guardians of the Garden of Eden and the Ark of the Covenant. In Christianity, cherubs were associated with the concept of divine love, often depicted hovering around the Virgin Mary and the baby Jesus. In Islam, cherubs were considered to be the highest rank of angels, tasked with guarding the throne of God.

Depictions of Cherubs in Art

Cherubs have been a popular subject in art for centuries. These adorable, winged creatures have been depicted in many different ways depending on the culture and time period. In this section, we will explore some of the common themes in the depiction of cherubs throughout art history.

  • Classical Cherubs: In the classical period, cherubs were often depicted as miniature winged figures with chubby cheeks and curly hair. These cherubs were often portrayed as playful, mischievous, and innocent, reflecting the ideal qualities of youth.
  • Renaissance Cherubs: The Renaissance saw a resurgence in classical art, and cherubs were no exception. During this time, cherubs were often depicted as idealized, youthful figures, with more realistic proportions and less exaggerated features.
  • Baroque Cherubs: In the Baroque period, cherubs were often depicted as angelic, otherworldly figures. They were often portrayed in dramatic poses, dynamically interacting with the environment around them. Baroque cherubs were also often depicted as powerful and awe-inspiring, reflecting the grandeur of the Baroque style.

Despite the many different depictions of cherubs throughout art history, certain themes have remained consistent. Cherubs are often used to represent innocence, purity, and youth. They are also frequently associated with love, as seen in the many depictions of cherubs in romantic scenes. Additionally, their status as winged beings often associates them with the divine and serves as a reminder of their spiritual significance.

One interesting aspect of the depiction of cherubs in art is their frequent association with other religious figures. For example, cherubs are often depicted as accompanying angels in depictions of the Nativity scene or other religious events. Additionally, cherubs are often portrayed as accompanying Cupid in scenes of romance and love, reflecting their association with the concept of love.

MichelangeloSistine Chapel CeilingMichelangelo’s frescoes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel include many cherubs, often portrayed in the classical style.
RaphaelSistine MadonnaRaphael’s Sistine Madonna depicts two cherubs at the bottom of the painting, looking up at the Madonna and child. These cherubs are often cited as some of the most famous cherubs in art history.
Peter Paul RubensThe Four ContinentsRubens’ painting, The Four Continents, depicts four cherubs representing the continents of America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. These cherubs are portrayed in the Baroque style, with dramatic poses and powerful expressions.

Cherubs continue to be a popular subject in art today. Whether depicted in the classical, Renaissance, or Baroque style, or given new interpretations, their iconic representation as symbols of innocence and love continue to captivate audiences.

Biblical References to Cherubs

Cherubs have been present in biblical texts since ancient times, and they hold great symbolic importance. Specifically, the number 3 is significant in relation to cherubs. Here are some references to cherubs in the Bible that highlight the significance of the number 3:

  • There were three sets of cherubim in the Holy of Holies of the Tabernacle – one set on the ark, one set on the veil, and one set on the mercy seat (Exodus 25:18-22).
  • Ezekiel saw three sets of cherubim in a vision – each set of cherubim had four faces, four wings, and two hands (Ezekiel 10:1-22).
  • The Apostle John saw a vision of four cherubim around the throne of God in Heaven – each cherub had six wings and was covered in eyes. These four cherubim lead the worship and praise of God, and their voices are heard as thunder (Revelation 4:6-11).

The number 3 is thought to represent completeness, unity, and divine perfection in the Bible. This significance carries over to the symbolism of cherubs in biblical text.

In addition, the image of cherubs as being with God and serving as His messengers suggests that they are divine beings with supernatural power and influence. Cherubs are often described as having multiple wings, multiple faces, and glowing appearances, which emphasizes their otherworldly nature. In this way, cherubs symbolize the divine and serve as a reminder of God’s power and presence in our lives.

Overall, cherubs play a significant role in biblical text and serve as a powerful symbol of the divine. Their connection to the number 3 emphasizes the importance of completeness, unity, and divine perfection in our relationship with God.

Biblical ReferenceDescription
Exodus 25:18-22Three sets of cherubim are present in the Holy of Holies of the Tabernacle.
Ezekiel 10:1-22Three sets of cherubim are seen in a vision, each set having four faces, four wings, and two hands.
Revelation 4:6-11Four cherubim around the throne of God are described, each having six wings and being covered in eyes. They lead the worship and praise of God.

Cherubim in Jewish Mythology

In Jewish mythology and in the Bible, cherubim are celestial beings often depicted as winged creatures with the face of a human and the body of a lion or ox. The word “cherubim” comes from the Hebrew word “keruvim,” which means “to be near” or “to intercede.”

The Number 4

In Jewish mysticism, the number 4 is considered a sacred and significant number that is associated with the cherubim. The number 4 is believed to represent the four directions of the world, the four elements of nature, and the four archangels who are associated with the cherubim.

  • The Four Directions of the World: In Jewish tradition, the world is divided into four directions: north, south, east, and west. The cherubim are believed to be positioned at the four corners of the world, guarding and protecting it from harm.
  • The Four Elements of Nature: The number 4 is also associated with the four basic elements of nature: earth, air, fire, and water. The cherubim are seen as the spirits that govern these elements and maintain balance in the world.
  • The Four Archangels: In Jewish tradition, there are four archangels who are associated with the cherubim: Michael, Gabriel, Uriel, and Raphael. Each archangel is said to preside over one of the four elements, and they work closely with the cherubim to maintain order in the world.

Symbolism of Cherubim

The cherubim are seen as symbols of divine wisdom, protection, and enlightenment. They are believed to be messengers of God and are often portrayed as intermediaries between heaven and earth. In Jewish tradition, the cherubim are also seen as symbols of the relationship between God and humanity. They are said to guard the gates of paradise and to help guide people back to the Garden of Eden.

The Role of Cherubim in Jewish Worship

In Jewish worship, the cherubim are often depicted on the Ark of the Covenant, which is the holy sanctuary that houses the Ten Commandments. The cherubim are seen as guardians of the Ark and are said to watch over the sacred scrolls and relics that are stored within. The Ark is a powerful symbol of the covenant between God and the Jewish people, and the presence of the cherubim serves as a reminder of the divine protection and guidance that is available to all who seek it.

Cherubim SymbolismMeaning
WingsSymbol of divine protection and guidance
Human FaceRepresents intellect and divine wisdom
Lion or Ox BodySymbolizes strength, faithfulness, and power

Overall, the cherubim play a vital role in Jewish mythology and worship. They are seen as powerful symbols of divine protection, enlightenment, and wisdom, and are revered and respected as messengers of God. The symbolism of the cherubim has been passed down through generations and continues to inspire and guide people of all faiths today.

Similarities and differences between cherubs and angels

Cherubs and angels often seem interchangeable, appearing in the same contexts and depicted with similar characteristics. However, there are some key differences and similarities between these two divine beings.

  • Both cherubs and angels are spiritual beings associated with God in many different religions and cultures.
  • Cherubs are typically depicted as small winged babies or children with chubby cheeks and innocent expressions, while angels are often portrayed as tall humans with wings and glowing halos.
  • Cherubs are often seen as guardians of sacred spaces, representing purity and innocence. They are often depicted holding items such as swords or trumpets, while angels are portrayed as messengers of God, with the ability to communicate divine will to humans.
  • Another key difference between cherubs and angels is the number of wings they have. Cherubs are often depicted with two wings, while angels are usually shown with six or more.
  • Despite these differences, both cherubs and angels are commonly associated with love, protection, and guidance. They are often seen as symbols of hope and faith in divine power.

It’s important to note that the appearance and symbolism of cherubs and angels can vary widely depending on cultural and religious traditions. However, these divine beings continue to captivate our imaginations and inspire us to seek greater spiritual understanding and connection.

Overall, cherubs and angels both hold significant spiritual significance in various cultures. They may have different characteristics and symbolism, but both represent divine protection, guidance, and hope.

Cherubs in Ancient Mesopotamian Culture

The cherubim, or cherubs, have been a significant symbol in various cultures throughout history, and it is no different in Mesopotamian culture. The Mesopotamian civilization existed in the region now known as Iraq between 6000 BCE and 500 BCE. Mesopotamians believed in a complex polytheistic religion that included the use of symbols and imagery.

  • The term “cherub” comes from the East Semitic word “karabu,” which means “a great, powerful being.”
  • In ancient Mesopotamian culture, cherubs were winged creatures with a human head, an animal body, and four limbs. They were believed to be the servants of the gods and had various roles like warriors or guardians.
  • The ancient Mesopotamians also believed that cherubs were protectors of sacred spaces, like temples and shrines, and had supernatural powers, including the ability to grant fertility and abundance.

The number 6 was also significant in Mesopotamian culture and had connections to the cherub’s symbolism.

  • The Mesopotamian civilization was one of the earliest known to use a numerical system based on 6. They used a sexagesimal or base 60 system, which means that each digit can hold up to 60 values, similar to our decimal or base 10 system.
  • The connection to cherubs is in their representation of the six directions: forward, backward, left, right, up, and down. Cherubs were believed to guard the six directions, and their image was often used to ward off evil spirits from entering protected spaces.
  • Furthermore, the famous Ishtar Gate in Babylon featured images of dragons and lions, along with cherubs, arranged in groups of six to represent the six directions.

The Role of Cherubs in Mesopotamian Religion

In Mesopotamian religion, cherubs were one of the many symbols used to depict mythical creatures like dragons, sphinxes, and other hybrids. They were commonly used in art and iconography and were believed to have originated from the Sumerian civilization. Cherubs’ symbolism evolved over time, along with the Mesopotamian civilization’s religion.

Cherubs were an important symbol in ancient Mesopotamian culture and continue to fascinate people today. They represent power, protection, and divine status, which are enduring themes in many cultures’ religious traditions.



Often depicted as winged babies or childrenUsually portrayed as tall humans with wings and halos
Represent purity and innocenceMessengers of God, communicating divine will
Guardians of sacred spacesCommonly associated with love, protection, and guidance
Typically depicted with two wingsUsually shown with six or more wings
Symbols of hope and faith in divine power
Cherubs in Ancient Mesopotamian cultureTheir Symbolism
Winged creatures with a human head, an animal body, and four limbsServants of the gods, protectors of sacred spaces, warriors, and guardians.
Cherubs guarded the six directions: forward, backward, left, right, up, and downRepresents divine protection from evil spirits entering protected spaces.
The Ishtar Gate in Babylon featured images of dragons, lions, and cherubs arranged in groups of six to represent the six directions.Symbolic representation of different elements that cherubs represented, a crucial figure in Mesopotamian religion, culture, and art, influenced other neighboring cultures’ artistic styles’ evolution.

Understanding the symbolism and significance of cherubs in ancient Mesopotamian culture provides a glimpse into the religion and rituals of one of the world’s earliest civilizations.

Cherubs in Renaissance art

The Renaissance era is marked by a resurgence of art and culture that had been suppressed during the Medieval period. This period saw a renewed interest in classical art, mythology, and symbolism. Cherubs, or putti, were popular subjects in Renaissance art, where they held a special place as symbols of love, innocence, and divine protection. Let us explore the significance of cherubs in Renaissance art.

The Number 7: Significance of Cherubs in Renaissance Art

The number 7 is significant in Renaissance art, and cherubs are often depicted in groups of seven. This number has many symbolic meanings, including the seven days of creation, the seven virtues, and the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church. The number 7 also represents spiritual perfection and completeness, making it a fitting choice for the representation of cherubs in art.

  • The Seven Days of Creation: The Book of Genesis describes the creation of the universe in seven days, with God resting on the seventh day. This story was a popular theme in Renaissance art, and cherubs were often depicted in scenes of creation, representing the joy and wonder of new life.
  • The Seven Virtues: The seven virtues – prudence, justice, temperance, courage, faith, hope, and charity – were an important concept in Renaissance art, representing the ideal qualities of a Christian life. Cherubs were often depicted alongside these virtues as symbols of divine inspiration and guidance.
  • The Seven Sacraments: The seven sacraments of the Catholic Church – baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, and marriage – were another popular theme in Renaissance art. Cherubs were often shown in scenes of these sacraments, representing the presence of God’s grace and protection.

Cherubs were also used in Renaissance art to symbolize love, innocence, and beauty. They were often depicted in paintings of the Madonna and Child, representing the love and care of a mother for her child. Cherubs were also used in scenes of courtship and love, representing the purity and innocence of a relationship.

Overall, cherubs held a significant place in Renaissance art, representing important religious and cultural themes. Their depiction as symbols of divine guidance, protection, and beauty remains an enduring legacy of this era in art history.


Cherubs, or putti, were an important subject in Renaissance art, representing love, innocence, and divine protection. The number 7 held special significance in this art, representing spiritual perfection and completeness. Cherubs were often depicted in groups of seven, representing important religious themes such as the seven days of creation, the seven virtues, and the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church. Their use in art continues to inspire and captivate viewers to this day.

Renaissance ArtistsNotable Works with Cherubs
Leonardo da VinciThe Virgin and Child with St. Anne and St. John the Baptist (c. 1499-1500)
RaphaelMadonna and Child with the Infant Baptist (c. 1507)
Sandro BotticelliThe Birth of Venus (c. 1485)

Some of the most notable Renaissance artists that incorporated cherubs in their works include Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Sandro Botticelli. Their works continue to be celebrated for their beauty, technical mastery, and the enduring impact they have had on Western art.

Cherub motifs in modern fashion and design

Cherubs, also known as celestial beings, have been a popular motif in fashion and design for centuries. These innocent and cherubic figures represent purity, love, and blissful happiness. Today, cherub motifs have made a comeback in modern fashion and design, appearing on clothing, accessories, and even home decor.

  • Cherub prints: Clothing with prints of cherubs is a big trend this season. These prints add a touch of innocence and romanticism to any outfit. From dresses to shirts, cherub prints are popping up everywhere in the fashion world.
  • Cherub jewelry: Cherub motifs can also be found in jewelry designs. Earrings, necklaces, and bracelets with cherub charms or pendants are perfect for adding a dainty and angelic touch to any ensemble.
  • Cherub home decor: Cherub motifs are also popular in home decor, particularly in classical and traditional designs. A simple cherub figurine or sculpture can add a touch of elegance and grace to any interior.

Cherubs have also found their way into modern design in unique and unexpected ways. Here are some examples:

From cherub-shaped perfume bottles to playful cherub printed sneakers, designers have come up with countless creative ways to incorporate the cherub motif into modern fashion and design.

Cherub-printed sneakersChanel
Cherub-shaped perfume bottleViktor & Rolf
Cherub-patterned wallpaperBurke Decor

Cherub motifs in modern fashion and design bring a touch of innocence and romance to any aesthetic. Whether it’s on clothing, jewelry, or home decor, cherub designs add a sense of elegance and grace that never goes out of style.

Symbolic representations of cherubs in literature

Cherubs, also known as putti or cupid-like figures, have been depicted in literature as symbols of love, purity, innocence, and divine intervention. These winged creatures have been a common sight in art and literature since ancient times, and their symbolism varies from one culture to another. Here are some of the symbolic representations of cherubs in literature:

  • Love: Cherubs are often portrayed as messengers of love, with their arrows and bows ready to pierce the hearts of mortals. They are depicted as playful and mischievous, but also as innocent and pure creatures who bring joy and happiness to those they touch.
  • Purity: Cherubs are also seen as symbols of purity and innocence. They are often depicted as young children with wings, signifying their heavenly origin. In many religious texts, they are portrayed as guardians of the divine realm, protecting it from evil forces.
  • Divine intervention: Cherubs are often depicted as messengers of God, delivering divine messages to mortals. In the Bible, they are described as attendants of God’s throne, and in Islamic tradition, they are seen as protectors of the gates of Paradise. Cherubs were also used in Renaissance art to symbolize the divine presence in the world.

The number 9

The number 9 has been associated with cherubs in literature, particularly in Christian tradition. There are nine orders of angels in the celestial hierarchy, and cherubs are believed to be the second order, just below the seraphim. In the Bible, the prophet Ezekiel describes cherubs as having four faces and four wings with their legs straight and feet like the hooves of a calf. They are depicted as having the likeness of a man, ox, lion, and eagle. This symbolism has been interpreted in various ways, with some scholars suggesting that the four faces represent the four elements of nature, while others believe they represent the four Evangelists of the New Testament.

Four facesRepresent the four elements (earth, air, fire, water) or the four Evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John)
Four wingsSymbol of speed and mobility
Straight legsSymbolize stability and strength
Feet like the hooves of a calfSymbolize service and submission to a higher power

The number 9 is also significant in numerology, where it is associated with completion and fulfillment. Cherubs, as messengers of divine love, are believed to represent the completion of the cycle of human existence and the fulfillment of our highest aspirations.

Cherubs in Popular Culture and Media

Cherubs have been popularized in various forms of media and culture, from movies to paintings and even tattoos. These winged beings have captured the imagination of many for centuries, and their image continues to be used in various ways to this day. Here are some examples of how cherubs are represented in popular culture and media:

  • Movies and TV Shows: Cherubs have been featured in numerous movies and TV shows, including “Angels in the Outfield,” “City of Angels,” “Supernatural,” and “Lucifer” to name a few. They are often portrayed as cute, innocent creatures with wings and are either helpful or mischievous.
  • Art and Literature: Cherubs have been depicted in countless works of art and literature throughout history. One famous example is Raphael’s “Sistine Madonna” painting, which features two cherubs at the bottom of the painting. They are also commonly featured in romantic literature and poetry to symbolize love and beauty.
  • Tattoos: Cherub tattoos are a popular choice for those who want to show their love or devotion to someone or something. They are often depicted holding a heart, arrow, or a banner with a name or message on it.

In addition to their appearances in popular culture, cherubs are also rich in symbolism and meaning. They represent purity, innocence, and love, and are often associated with angels and spiritual beings. Whether you are a fan of their appearances in movies or appreciate their deeper symbolic meaning, cherubs have captivated people for centuries and will continue to do so for years to come.

What do cherubs symbolize? FAQs

Q: What are cherubs?
A: Cherubs are winged celestial beings that have human-like features and are commonly depicted in religious artworks.

Q: What do cherubs represent?
A: Cherubs symbolize diverse meanings depending on the context of their depiction, including love, devotion, purity, innocence, and protection.

Q: What is the biblical meaning of cherubs?
A: In the Bible, cherubs are described as holy angels who protect the throne of God and symbolize his divine glory and power.

Q: What is the history of cherubs in art?
A: Cherubs have been featured in art since ancient times, with early depictions in Mesopotamian, Greek, and Hebrew cultures. They gained popularity in Christian art during the Renaissance era.

Q: What do cherubs look like?
A: Cherubs are typically portrayed with the faces of young children or babies, chubby bodies, and small wings.

Q: Are cherubs the same as angels?
A: Cherubs are considered a type of angel but are distinct in their depictions and symbolism.

Q: Where can I find cherub-themed items for purchase?
A: Cherub-themed items can be found in religious or spiritual stores, as well as online shopping platforms. They range from statues, paintings, jewelry, and home decor.


Cherubs are mystical creatures that have captured the imagination of people for centuries. They represent different concepts, including beauty, love, protection, and divinity, depending on their context. As you continue to explore the world of art and spirituality, keep cherubs in mind and appreciate their symbolism. Thanks for reading, and feel free to visit again soon!