What Does Goat Symbolize in the Bible? Decoding the Significance of Goats in Religious Scriptures

If you’re familiar with the Bible and its intricate stories, you might have come across goats in the narrative once or twice. The Bible has a vast array of symbols, with each representing specific meanings or lessons. Interestingly, goats are one of the many symbols that are depicted in the Bible, and they hold significant importance. All across the Holy scriptures, goats have appeared in various ways, each representing something unique and profound.

So, what does a goat symbolize in the Bible? Well, to say the least, goats hold an essential role in many Biblical parables, prophecies, and imagery. In the old testament, goats were a symbol of sin and guilt. The ancient Israelites used goats as offerings for their sins, and they would lay their hands upon the head of a goat as an atonement for their sins. In contrast, goats were also depicted as courageous and mighty in the Bible, standing against powerful foes. Their strength represented in many stories as they fought in battles alongside the Israelites.

As you can see, goats were a vital symbol during Biblical times and played a central role in many narratives. Their representation has changed throughout the years, but their significant role in the scriptures remains. Today, we can still learn from the portrayal of these magnificent animals and their powerful symbolism. So, whether you believe in the Bible or not, it’s essential to understand the symbolism and its significance to better understand the history and beliefs of many individuals.

Goat Symbolism in the Bible

In the Bible, goats have significant symbolism and are mentioned numerous times in both the Old and New Testaments. They represented different things depending on the context, but generally, they symbolize stubbornness, sin, and the wickedness of men.

Goat Symbolism in the Bible – General Meanings

  • Stubbornness – In the Bible, goats were often depicted as stubborn and rebellious animals. This trait is referenced in Psalm 32:9, where the psalmist describes how God will guide us and instruct us like a loving shepherd leading his flock. However, if we refuse to be guided, we are like a stubborn, untamed horse or mule that needs to be controlled with a bit and bridle. This analogy also applies to goats because they are similarly stubborn and difficult to control.
  • Sin – In some passages, goats represent sin and evil. For example, Leviticus 16:5, 9-10 describes the practice of the Day of Atonement, where two goats were selected for sacrifice. One goat was sacrificed as a sin offering, while the other was sent to the wilderness as a scapegoat, symbolically carrying the sins of the people away from them.
  • Wickedness – In Matthew 25:31-46, Jesus uses the analogy of separating sheep and goats to represent how He will judge people at the end of time. The sheep represent the faithful, while the goats represent the wicked. The goats are condemned because they failed to show compassion to those in need.

The Goat as a Sacrificial Animal

Goats were commonly used in the Old Testament as sacrificial animals. They were offered in the place of people to atone for their sins. A goat was commonly sacrificed during the feast of Passover as a sin offering, as well as other occasions throughout the year. The ritual sacrifice of a goat symbolized the transfer of sins from the sinner to the animal. The goat was then slain, and its blood was shed to make atonement for the sin.

PassageAnimal Sacrifice
Leviticus 4:23-24A goat is sacrificed for unintentional sin.
Leviticus 16:7-10Two goats are selected for the Day of Atonement.
Leviticus 23:19A goat is offered as a sacrifice on the Day of Atonement.

The frequent use of goats as a sacrificial animal highlights their symbolic meaning as sin-bearers and emphasizes the seriousness of sin and the need for atonement.

The Sacrificial Goat in the Old Testament

The use of sacrifice and offering in the Old Testament was a way for the ancient Israelites to approach and communicate with God. Various animals, including goats, were sacrificed for different reasons, such as for atonement, thanksgiving, or dedication. In particular, the goat has a significant symbolism in the sacrificial rituals of the Old Testament.

  • One of the most important types of goat sacrifices was the sin offering. In Leviticus 16, God instructed Moses on how to perform the Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur. On this day, the high priest would take two goats and cast lots upon them. One goat would become the sacrificial goat, while the other would become the scapegoat. The sacrificial goat would be killed and its blood would be sprinkled on the mercy seat of the Ark of the Covenant to make atonement for the sins of the people.
  • Another type of goat sacrifice was the burnt offering. This was a voluntary offering of a goat or any other animal that was completely consumed by fire. The burnt offering was a way for the people to demonstrate their devotion and obedience to God.
  • Goats were also used for purification rituals, where they were sacrificed and their blood was sprinkled on people or objects to symbolize the removal of impurities.

The significance of the sacrificial goat in the Old Testament goes beyond the mere act of offering up an animal. It was a symbol of the people’s need for forgiveness and their dependence on God’s mercy and grace. The goat was a substitute, taking upon itself the punishment for the sins of the people. It was also a reminder to the people of the serious consequences of sin and the importance of repentance.

Overall, the sacrificial goat in the Old Testament represented a powerful symbol of sacrifice, atonement, and purification. It was a way for the ancient Israelites to connect with God and seek His forgiveness and grace. The use of goats in these rituals and sacrifices underscores the importance of animal life in ancient cultures, and the deep spiritual significance that was attached to them.

Reference: The Bible, Leviticus 16, Leviticus 1-3

The Scapegoat in Leviticus

The idea of a scapegoat is a common one in many cultures, and it has its roots in the biblical story of Leviticus. In this story, the Israelites were commanded to select two goats on the Day of Atonement. One goat was to be sacrificed as a sin offering, while the other was to be set free, symbolically carrying the sins of the people away with it. This second goat was known as the “scapegoat.”

Symbolism of the Scapegoat

  • The scapegoat represented the removal of sin and guilt from the community. It was a symbol of the people’s desire to be free from the burden of their transgressions.
  • The fact that the goat was sent into the wilderness meant that the sins were completely removed and would not be brought back into the community.
  • The selection of two goats was significant because it showed that the people were aware of both the need for forgiveness and the need for cleansing from sin.

The Role of the High Priest

The scapegoat ritual was one of the most important events in the Jewish calendar, and it was the responsibility of the high priest to perform the ceremony. The priest would lay his hands on the head of the scapegoat and confess the sins of the people, symbolically transferring them to the animal. The goat would then be led into the wilderness by a designated person, and its release would signify the removal of sin from the community.

According to Jewish tradition, the high priest had to be in a state of purity before performing the ceremony. He had to go through a process of purification, including bathing and wearing special clothing, and he had to make a sin offering for himself before he could perform the ceremony for the community.

The Relevance of the Scapegoat Today

The idea of the scapegoat still holds relevance today, even outside of religious contexts. It is a reminder that guilt and sin can be burdensome and that it is important to find ways to release them. Additionally, the ritual of the scapegoat can be seen as a message of hope – that there is a way to find forgiveness and redemption, even in the most difficult of circumstances.

Two goatsThe need for both forgiveness and cleansing from sin
Laying on of handsThe priest symbolically transferring the sins of the people to the scapegoat
Sending the goat into the wildernessThe complete removal of sin from the community

In conclusion, the scapegoat in Leviticus holds a significant place in the history and tradition of Judaism. It serves as a powerful symbol of the need for forgiveness, cleansing, and the release of guilt and sin. Its relevance remains today, reminding us of the importance of finding ways to let go of our burdens and to seek forgiveness and redemption in our lives.

The Goat as an Image of Strength in Psalms

Throughout the Bible, goats are often associated with strength and toughness. In Psalms, this image is highlighted as the goat is used as a symbol of strength in several verses.

  • Psalm 50:10 – “For every beast of the forest is mine, the cattle on a thousand hills.”
  • Psalm 147:10 – “His pleasure is not in the strength of the horse, nor his delight in the legs of the warrior.”
  • Psalm 18:33 – “He makes my feet like the feet of a deer; he causes me to stand on the heights.”

In these verses, the goat is referenced along with other strong and powerful animals, such as cattle and horses. However, the goat is also seen as a symbol of agility and grace, as in Psalm 18:33.

Overall, the goat’s association with strength in the Bible emphasizes the importance of being strong and steadfast in one’s faith and beliefs.

The Goat as a Sacrifice in Biblical Times

In addition to symbolizing strength, goats were also commonly used as sacrifices in biblical times. In Leviticus, there are specific guidelines for the sacrifice of goats, which were often used as offerings to God.

Goats were also used in other rituals and ceremonies, such as the Day of Atonement, in which two goats were used as a sin offering and a scapegoat to symbolize the forgiveness of sins.

The use of goats as sacrifices underscores the importance of repentance and the need for forgiveness in the eyes of God.

The Scapegoat as a Symbol of Repentance

In addition to being used as a sacrificial animal, the scapegoat is also referenced in the Bible as a symbol of repentance.


In Leviticus, the scapegoat is sent into the wilderness, carrying with it the sins of the people, representing their penitence and the need for forgiveness. Similarly, in Isaiah, it is prophesied that a servant of the Lord will be oppressed and afflicted, taking on the sins of others and bearing the weight of their transgressions.

Overall, the goat’s significance in the Bible extends beyond just its physical strength and sacrifice capabilities. The goat represents the importance of faith, penitence, and forgiveness, serving as a powerful symbol throughout biblical history.

The Goat and the Sheep in Matthew 25:31-46

Matthew 25:31-46 tells the parable of the sheep and the goats, which is often interpreted as a metaphor for the final judgment. In this parable, Jesus says that the Son of Man will come in glory and separate the people into two groups, the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.

  • The sheep represent those who have lived a life of faith and love for God and others.
  • The goats represent those who have lived a life of selfishness and disobedience to God.
  • The Son of Man will praise the sheep and welcome them into eternal life, while he will condemn the goats and cast them into eternal punishment.

The parable emphasizes the importance of caring for those in need and treating them with kindness and respect. It also highlights the consequences of neglecting or mistreating others.

While the focus of the parable is on the final judgment, it also has implications for how we live our lives today. We are called to love and serve others, especially those who are marginalized or in need, and to live in obedience to God.

Helped the hungry, thirsty, and strangerDid not help those in need
Clothed the naked and visited the sickIgnored the plight of others
Lived a life of faith and obedience to GodLived a life of selfishness and disobedience to God

As followers of Christ, we must strive to be like the sheep in the parable, caring for those in need and living a life of faith and obedience to God.

The Goat and the Wildness of Sin in Isaiah 1:18-20

The book of Isaiah is one of the most beloved and influential books in the Old Testament. Isaiah 1:18-20 talks about the goat and the wildness of sin, which is an important theme in the Bible.

  • In this passage, God calls on His people to turn away from their sin.
  • He compares their sins to scarlet, but promises that if they turn to Him, He will make them white as snow.
  • He then goes on to talk about the goat and the wildness of sin, saying that even if their sins are as red as crimson, He can make them white as wool.

This passage is a powerful reminder of the forgiveness and redemption that God offers. No matter how far we have strayed or how wild our sins have become, God is always willing to forgive us and bring us back into His arms.

But what exactly does the goat symbolize in this passage?

The symbolism of the goat in the Bible is complex and multifaceted. In some instances, the goat is seen as a symbol of sin and impurity, as in Leviticus 16:21-22, where a goat is used to carry away the sins of the people. In other instances, the goat is seen as a symbol of strength and fertility, as in Genesis 30:35-43.

Symbolism of the Goat in the BibleExamples in the Bible
Sin and ImpurityLeviticus 16:21-22
Strength and FertilityGenesis 30:35-43
AtonementLeviticus 4-5
Rebellion and JudgmentMatthew 25:31-46

In this passage, the goat likely symbolizes the wildness and stubbornness of sin. Just as a goat can be wilful and difficult to control, so too can sin take hold of a person and lead them astray. But just as a goat can be tamed and brought under control, so too can sin be overcome through the forgiveness and redemption offered by God.

Ultimately, this passage serves as a powerful reminder of God’s love and grace. No matter how wild our sins have become, God is always willing to forgive us and give us a fresh start.

The Goat as a Symbol of Independence in Proverbs 30:26

The book of proverbs is filled with wisdom and metaphors drawn from the natural world. In Proverbs 30:26, the goat is an animal that personifies independence and self-sufficiency.

  • Unlike domesticated animals like sheep or cows that rely on their owners for protection and food, goats are able to find food on their own and often wander off from the rest of the flock.
  • Goats can often be found climbing steep hills and navigating difficult terrain, which is why they are often associated with resilience and perseverance.
  • In ancient times, goats were also used as sacrifices to atone for sins. This symbolizes the idea of taking responsibility for one’s actions and being independent in seeking forgiveness.

Proverbs 30:26 states, “The goats are a nation without a king, yet they march together in rank.” This verse exemplifies the idea of individual independence within a collective community.

Just as goats can wander off and find food on their own, individuals can also pursue their own passions and interests without relying on a leader to tell them what to do. However, it’s important to also work together and march in rank with others to achieve common goals.

IndependenceSelf-sufficiency, resilience, perseverance
CommunityCollective goals, working together
SacrificeTaking responsibility for one’s actions, seeking forgiveness

Overall, the goat symbolizes a balance between individual independence and collective community. It teaches us the importance of taking responsibility for our actions and pursuing our own passions and interests while also working together to achieve common goals.

The Devil as a Goat in Revelation 12:9

The goat symbolizes several things throughout the Bible, including sinfulness (Leviticus 16:15-22), wickedness (Ezekiel 34:17-19), and unrighteousness (Matthew 25:31-46). However, in Revelation 12:9, the devil is specifically described as a goat.

  • The word “devil” comes from the Greek word “diabolos,” which means “slanderer” or “accuser.” This is fitting for the goat symbol, as goats were often associated with slander and mischief in biblical times.
  • Revelation 12:9 describes the devil as “the great dragon … that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world.” This image of the devil as a multi-headed dragon with a goat-like appearance reinforces his deceitful and sinister nature.
  • The goat symbolism in Revelation 12:9 also hints at the idea of sacrifice. In the biblical era, goats were often used as offerings in religious ceremonies. In the case of the devil, his deception and treachery may be seen as a sacrifice of sorts, as he leads people away from God and towards damnation.

The devil as a goat in Revelation 12:9 serves as a warning to believers to be vigilant against the deceitful tactics of the devil. The use of animal symbolism throughout the Bible reinforces the idea that spiritual warfare is a real battle, and that Christians must stay focused and alert in their faith.

In conclusion, the goat symbol in the Bible is complex and multifaceted, representing sinfulness, wickedness, and unrighteousness. In the case of the devil in Revelation 12:9, the goat symbol reinforces his sinister and deceitful nature, as well as the importance of remaining steadfast in one’s faith.

Biblical ReferencesSymbolism
Leviticus 16:15-22sinfulness
Ezekiel 34:17-19wickedness
Matthew 25:31-46unrighteousness
Revelation 12:9the devil as a goat

Remember, as a Christian, it is important to stay vigilant to prevent the devil’s treacherous tactics from leading you astray from your faith.

The Goat as a Reminder of Sin in Hebrews 9:12-14

Hebrews 9:12-14 talks about the significance of the goat as a reminder of sin in the Bible. This section explains how the goat serves as a symbol of sin and how its role in biblical context represents the need for forgiveness and repentance.

  • The number 9 in this context represents the idea of completeness and finality. In biblical numerology, 9 is seen as a symbol of judgement and the end of a cycle. This is significant because Hebrews 9:12-14 is discussing the final sacrifice that Jesus made for our sins.
  • The goat served as a reminder of the sins of the people and was offered as a sacrifice to atone for those sins. In this way, the goat was a symbol of the temporary nature of sin and the need for forgiveness to cleanse oneself of that sin.
  • Through his sacrifice, Jesus became the ultimate atonement for our sins, removing the need for the temporary sacrifice of the goat. This is why Hebrews 9:12-14 emphasizes that Jesus’ sacrifice was once for all, cleansing us of our sins and granting us eternal life.

The goat as a symbol of sin is also seen in the Book of Leviticus, where it is used in the ritual of the Day of Atonement. Two goats were chosen, and one was sacrificed while the other was sent into the wilderness, symbolically carrying away the sins of the people.

The table below shows the significance of the two goats:

Goat 1Sacrificed for the sins of the people
Goat 2Sent away into the wilderness, carrying the sins of the people

This ritual served as a reminder of the impermanence of sin and the need for repentance in order to be cleansed and reconciled with God. Through his sacrifice, Jesus became our ultimate atonement for sin, freeing us from the temporary sacrifice and symbolism of the goat.

Overall, the goat serves as a powerful symbol of sin and the need for forgiveness and repentance in the Bible. Its inclusion in Hebrews 9:12-14 emphasizes the final sacrifice that Jesus made for our sins, granting us eternal life and freeing us from the temporary sacrifice of the goat.

Goat’s Milk and Cheese in the Bible

The Bible mentions goats and their products numerous times, especially goat’s milk and cheese. These products were essential dietary items in biblical times and were considered a sign of prosperity and wealth.

  • Goat’s milk was highly valued for its nutritional content and was consumed as a beverage or used to make other dairy products.
  • Cheese made from goat’s milk was also a popular food item and was eaten both fresh and aged.
  • In the book of Proverbs, goat’s milk is mentioned as a symbol of abundance and prosperity, “May there be enough goat’s milk for your food, for the food of your household, and sustenance of your maidservants” (Proverbs 27:27).

In addition to being a staple food, goat’s milk and cheese were also used for medicinal purposes. In Exodus 33:3, God promises to lead the Israelites to a land that flows with milk and honey. Some Bible scholars suggest that this reference to milk implies that the land would be abundant in medicinal herbs and plants.

Furthermore, goat’s milk and cheese were used by the ancient Israelites in temple rituals and sacrifices. In Leviticus 23:19, the Israelites are instructed to bring a male goat as a sin offering and to offer it with bread and wine. The bread most likely refers to unleavened bread, which is a common food item in the Bible. The wine may have been diluted with water, a common practice in biblical times.

Proverbs27:27“May there be enough goat’s milk for your food, for the food of your household, and sustenance of your maidservants.”
Exodus33:3“Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; but I will not go up among you, lest I consume you on the way, for you are a stiff-necked people.”
Leviticus23:19“And you shall sacrifice one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings.”

In conclusion, goat’s milk and cheese were significant dietary and cultural items in biblical times. They represented prosperity and wealth, were used for medicinal purposes, and played a part in religious ceremonies, symbolizing sacrifice and offerings to God.

FAQs about What Does Goat Symbolize in the Bible

1. What does the biblical goat symbolize?

In the Bible, goats often symbolize sinners or those who are separated from God.

2. Are goats always seen in a negative light in the Bible?

No, goats are not always seen in a negative light. In some instances, they symbolize strength, fertility, and abundance.

3. Why were goats often used as sacrificial offerings in the Old Testament?

Goats were used as sacrificial offerings in the Old Testament because they symbolized the sinner who deserved punishment for their sins.

4. Did the goat have any special significance on the Day of Atonement?

Yes, on the Day of Atonement, a goat was cast out into the wilderness, symbolizing the removal of the people’s sins.

5. How was the goat used in the scapegoat ritual?

In the scapegoat ritual, a goat was chosen to bear the sins of the people and then released into the wilderness to symbolize the removal of those sins.

6. Why did Jesus refer to himself as the Good Shepherd and his followers as his flock?

Jesus referred to himself as the Good Shepherd because he saw himself as the sacrifice that would save his followers from their sins. His followers were his flock because he wanted to guide and protect them.

7. In the book of Revelation, what does the goat symbolize?

In the book of Revelation, the goat symbolizes the devil and his followers who oppose God and His people.

Closing: Thanks for reading!

Thanks for reading about what goats symbolize in the Bible. We hope you learned something new and interesting. Be sure to visit us again for more fascinating articles on various topics.