Unlocking the Mysteries: What Does Nowruz Symbolize?

As springtime arrives each year, people in various parts of the world celebrate Nowruz, a festive occasion that marks the Persian New Year. Nowruz symbolizes the joy and renewal of the natural world as winter gives way to spring. During this time, families gather to share delicious meals, exchange gifts, and engage in traditions that have deep roots in ancient Persia.

Nowruz offers a time for people to reflect on the past year and set intentions for the year ahead. It represents a fresh start and a time to let go of negative energy. During this occasion, people participate in spring cleaning to cleanse their homes and start with a clean slate. They also take part in the ritual of growing Sabzeh, which is a dish made up of lentil sprouts that are grown in a dish. This dish symbolizes nature’s rebirth and how the people of the world must also begin anew.

In essence, Nowruz symbolizes renewal, hope, and new beginnings. This celebratory time has been an important part of Persian culture for thousands of years and continues to be a cherished tradition among people of Persian descent. As the world becomes more interconnected, Nowruz is also gaining recognition and popularity in other parts of the world, bringing the spirit of renewal to a broader audience.

History and Origin of Nowruz

Nowruz is an ancient Persian festival that marks the beginning of the spring equinox, which falls around March 21st. The word Nowruz is derived from two Persian words: “now” meaning new, and “ruz” meaning day. It is celebrated for 13 days and is considered by many to be the most important holiday in Iran and other Persian-speaking countries.

Nowruz dates back more than 3,000 years and has Zoroastrian roots. It was originally celebrated in the greater Persian Empire, which extended from modern-day Iran to Central Asia, and included parts of India and Turkey. The festival marks the end of the winter solstice and the beginning of a new year, and is associated with the rebirth of nature and the triumph of good over evil.

  • Nowruz is also celebrated in other countries such as Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Iraq, and Kazakhstan.
  • The United Nations has recognized Nowruz as an international holiday since 2010.
  • In Iran, preparations for Nowruz start weeks before the actual celebration. People clean their homes, buy new clothes, and decorate their houses with flowers.

Nowruz is deeply rooted in Persian culture and has evolved over the centuries to become a time of family gatherings, feasting, and gift-giving. It is a time of renewal and hope for the future.

YearNowruzSpring Equinox
2021March 20-21March 20
2022March 20-21March 20
2023March 21-22March 21
2024March 20-21March 20
2025March 20-21March 20

Nowruz is a celebration of life, renewal, and hope. It is a time to come together with family and friends, to enjoy traditional foods, and to acknowledge the passing of the old year and the beginning of a new one.

Cultural Significance of Nowruz Celebrations

Nowruz, also known as the Persian New Year, is a significant cultural event celebrated by millions of people worldwide. The festival marks the first day of spring and the beginning of the new year in the Persian calendar. It’s a time when people gather with family and friends to share their joy and happiness, make new resolutions, and wish each other a prosperous year ahead.

The Number 2

  • The number 2 holds great significance in Nowruz celebrations as it symbolizes the concept of duality, which is a central theme in Zoroastrianism, the ancient Persian religion.
  • It represents the balance between light and darkness, good and evil, and the struggle between the forces of good and evil.
  • It also signifies the unity and harmony between two opposite energies, such as male and female, day and night, and the dual nature of creation and destruction.

The Seven S’s

The Nowruz celebrations are incomplete without the seven ‘S’s’, which are an essential part of the festivities. These include:

  • Sabzeh: Wheat or lentil sprouts grown in a dish, representing new life and growth.
  • Samanu: A sweet pudding made from sprouted wheat, symbolizing wealth and fertility.
  • Senjed: Dried fruit from the lotus tree, symbolizing love and affection.
  • Sir: Garlic, symbolizing health and healing.
  • Sib: Apples, representing beauty and happiness.
  • Somaq: Sumac berries, symbolizing the color of sunrise and the victory of good over evil.
  • Sekkeh: Coins, symbolizing wealth and prosperity.

Haft Seen Table

The centerpiece of the Nowruz celebrations is the Haft Seen Table, which is beautifully decorated with seven symbolic items, all starting with the Persian letter “S”. These seven items represent the seven creations and are:

SabzehWheat or lentil sprouts grown in a dish, representing new life and growth.
SamanuA sweet pudding made from sprouted wheat, symbolizing wealth and fertility.
SenjedDried fruit from the lotus tree, symbolizing love and affection.
SirGarlic, symbolizing health and healing.
SibApples, representing beauty and happiness.
SomaqSumac berries, symbolizing the color of sunrise and the victory of good over evil.
SekkehCoins, symbolizing wealth and prosperity.

The Haft Seen Table also includes other items such as a mirror, representing self-reflection and honesty, a goldfish bowl, representing life and nature, colored eggs, symbolizing fertility and birth, and a copy of the Quran, representing faith and spirituality. The table represents the rebirth of spring and the renewal of life, and each item on the table represents a wish for the new year.

Nowruz Traditions and Customs

Nowruz is an ancient Persian holiday that is celebrated on the first day of spring, typically around March 21st. It is a time for renewal and rebirth, as the earth awakens from its winter slumber. Along with celebrating the new year, Nowruz is a time to honor the past, connect with family and friends, and look forward to the future. One of the most important aspects of Nowruz is its traditions and customs. These have been passed down from generation to generation, and they play a crucial role in preserving the essence of the holiday.

The Number 3

The number 3 is a significant symbol in the Nowruz celebration, and it represents several important elements. Firstly, it is associated with the three natural stages of human life – birth, life and death. Secondly, it symbolizes the three elements that are required for life – earth, water, and air. Thirdly, it represents the three Zoroastrian ethical principles – good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. These principles are a reminder to start the new year off on the right foot and to strive to live a virtuous life.

Symbolic Representation of the Number 3 in Nowruz
Birth, life, death
Earth, water, air
Good thoughts, good words, good deeds

The number 3 also plays a significant role in the Haft-Seen table, which is a traditional Nowruz display made up of seven symbolic items that begin with the Persian letter “s”. The number 3 is associated with the “sib” or apple, which symbolizes beauty and health. It is said that when eating an apple during Nowruz, you must take three bites to ensure good health for the coming year.

Symbolism of Haft Seen Table

Nowruz, the Persian new year, is celebrated in many countries such as Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, and Tajikistan. It marks the first day of spring and the beginning of the new year. The celebration lasts for thirteen days and includes various traditions and customs, including the Haft Seen table. The table is set with seven items that start with the Persian letter “sin.” They symbolize good fortune, wealth, health, love, joy, patience, and beauty. Here, we will discuss the symbolism behind the fourth item of the Haft Seen table.

Number 4: Sib (Apple)

  • Apple represents beauty and health. It’s also a symbol of creation and knowledge, as in the story of Adam and Eve.
  • The round shape of the apple represents the cyclical nature of life and the universe.
  • In Iranian culture, it’s believed that eating an apple on the first day of spring will bring good health and well-being throughout the year.

In addition to its symbolic meanings, the apple is also a nutritious fruit that’s a good source of fiber and vitamin C. It’s commonly used in the preparation of various Persian dishes, such as apple rice and apple stew.


The Haft Seen table is an important part of Nowruz celebrations, and each item on the table carries a unique meaning and symbolism. The apple, as the fourth item on the table, symbolizes beauty, health, creation, and knowledge. It’s not only a symbol of good fortune but also a nutritious fruit that’s widely used in Persian cooking. By setting the Haft Seen table, Persians welcome the new year with hope and optimism for a bright future.

ItemPersian NameSymbolism
1SabzehGrowth and renewal
2Samanu (wheat pudding)Sweetness and fertility
3Senjed (dried fruit from lotus tree)Love and affection
4Sib (apple)Beauty and health
5Somaq (sumac berries)Patience and mindfulness
6Sir (garlic)Protection and healing
7Serkeh (vinegar)Age and wisdom

Overall, the Haft Seen table is a beautiful representation of Persian culture and tradition. It’s not only a symbol of the new year but also a way to honor the past and embrace the future. By understanding the symbolism behind each item, we can appreciate the depth and richness of Persian culture and celebrate Nowruz with respect and joy.

Nowruz Food and Cuisine

Nowruz is a time of feasting and celebration, and food plays a significant role in the festivities. Many of the dishes served during Nowruz are symbolic, representing different aspects of life and the renewal of the seasons. One of the major subtopics of Nowruz food and cuisine is the significance of the number 5.

The number 5 is believed to represent the Five Elements: earth, water, air, fire, and ether. These elements are said to make up everything in the universe and are essential to life. As such, many Nowruz dishes feature five ingredients or are made up of five components. Here are some examples:

  • Sabzi Polo Mahi – a dish of seasoned rice cooked with herbs and served with fish, typically made with five different herbs.
  • Samanu – a sweet paste made from sprouted wheat, traditionally made by stirring for a continuous five hours.
  • Kuku Sabzi – an herb omelet made with five different green herbs.

In addition to dishes with five components, many families will set out a haft-sin table during Nowruz. This table is adorned with seven items that begin with the letter “S” in Persian and represent different aspects of life. One of the items, sabzeh, which is sprouted wheat or lentils, is often planted on the haft-sin table. It is said that the sprouting seeds represent the renewal of life and the five elements that make up the universe.

SabzehRenewal of life, five elements
SamanuSweetness, fertility
SenjedLove, affection
SirGarlic, medicine, health
SibApple, beauty, health, youthfulness
SomāqSpice, sunrise, warmth
SerkehVinegar, age, patience

The importance of the number 5 in Nowruz food and cuisine highlights the celebration of renewal and the interconnectedness of all things. By incorporating five ingredients or items, the dishes and haft-sin table serve as a reminder of the essential elements that make up our world and our lives.

Nowruz Music and Dance

Nowruz is a festival that is incomplete without music and dance. Music and dance are an essential part of the Nowruz celebrations, and people believe that the rhythm and beats of the music and dance drive away negativity, bringing in positivity, and representing hope and joy.

  • One of the most important forms of music and dance during Nowruz is the traditional Iranian dance called “Persian Dance” or “Baba Karam.” It is a lively dance filled with energetic movements and footwork, followed by poetic songs called “ghazal.”
  • The “sama” dance, which is popular in Turkey, is also a part of Nowruz celebrations. This dance involves spinning in circles with the primary focus on the upper body movement and posture.
  • The “Atan” dance, performed by the Kurds, is also recognized across many countries for its agile movements and vibrant music. During the Atan dance, dancers wear traditional Kurdish clothes and form circles and, with the music as the beats increase, their movements become faster.

Apart from music and dance, during Nowruz, people also decorate their homes with colorful flowers, such as hyacinths, narcissus, tulips, and roses, to welcome springtime. Besides, this festival is also celebrated by gathering around the “Haft-sin” table, in which seven items that begin with the letter “S” are placed. People also visit friends and relatives, exchange gifts, and indulge in traditional delicacies.

TarA string instrument that is plucked and used in Iranian classical music.
SanturA trapezoidal hammer dulcimer that is played by striking the strings with two lightweight hammers.
DafA large drum that is made of hardwood frame and goat or sheep skin.

In conclusion, music and dance play a significant role in Nowruz celebrations and help to spread happiness and joy. The traditional songs and dances that are an essential part of Nowruz reflect the rich cultural heritage of the people and their reverence for nature and its changing seasons.

Nowruz Attires and Clothing

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is celebrated on the spring equinox and represents the renewal of the natural world. One of the customs associated with the holiday is the wearing of new clothes, symbolizing the start of a new year and the fresh beginnings it brings. Historically, this was also a way of signaling to others that you were celebrating Nowruz, since non-Muslims living in Muslim-majority countries were required to wear special clothing to distinguish themselves from the majority population. Nowadays, however, the tradition has evolved to be more about personal expression and style. One important aspect of Nowruz attire is the use of the color green, which represents rebirth and growth.

The Significance of the Number 7 in Nowruz Attire

There is a strong tradition in Persian culture of associating certain numbers with specific meanings, and the number 7 is particularly significant in Nowruz attire. This is because there are seven major creations, or “haft seen” items, that are displayed on the Nowruz table, each one starting with the Persian letter “sin.” These are:

  • Sabzeh: sprouted wheat or lentil representing rebirth
  • Sir: garlic representing good health
  • Samanu: sweet wheat pudding representing affluence
  • Senjed: dried fruit of the oleaster tree representing love
  • Sib: apples representing beauty and fertility
  • Sumac: spice representing the color of sunrise
  • Serkeh: vinegar representing age and patience

To honor these seven creations, many people wear clothing with patterns or embroideries that feature seven elements, such as seven stripes, seven flowers, or seven birds. It is also common to incorporate the color green into these designs, in keeping with the overall theme of renewal and growth. By wearing clothing with these motifs, people are not only celebrating Nowruz but also expressing their connection to Persian history and culture.

Nowruz Games and Sports

As Nowruz is a celebration of the new year and renewal, many games and sports are played to symbolize the joy and happiness of the occasion. These games and sports not only serve as a reminder of the importance of play, but they also have deep cultural significance and meaning.

One important number in Nowruz games and sports is the number 8. This number is considered very lucky in Persian culture and is traditionally associated with prosperity and good fortune. As such, many of the games played during Nowruz involve the number 8 in some way.

  • Haft-sin: The traditional Nowruz table setting includes seven items that begin with the Persian letter “sin.” However, some families choose to include an eighth item that begins with a different letter, such as coins or a mirror, to represent the number 8.
  • Chaharshanbe Suri: This pre-Nowruz festival involves jumping over seven bonfires to symbolize purification and the burning away of bad luck. However, some people choose to jump over eight fires instead for even more luck.
  • Buzkashi: This traditional Central Asian sport involves horse riders competing to grab a goat carcass and carry it across a goal line. The game usually lasts for two rounds of 45 minutes each, with eight players on each team.

Another popular Nowruz game is “egg fighting,” where people gently tap eggs against each other to see whose egg remains unbroken. This game symbolizes new life, fertility, and the beginning of a new cycle.

Additionally, many people participate in outdoor activities during Nowruz, such as kite flying, hiking, and picnicking. Spending time in nature and enjoying the beauty of the world around us is a reminder of the importance of balance and harmony in our lives.

GameSymbolic Meaning
Haft-sinRenewal, Luck
Chaharshanbe SuriPurification, Luck
BuzkashiCourage, Strength
Egg FightingNew Life, Fertility

Overall, the games and sports played during Nowruz serve as a reminder of the importance of tradition, community, and joy. As we celebrate the new year and the beginning of a new cycle, we are reminded of the beauty and abundance of life.

Nowruz Decorations and Artwork

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is celebrated in many countries around the world. It is a time to welcome new beginnings and fresh starts. The decorations and artwork used in Nowruz represent the hopes and wishes for the coming year. Here are some of the most common decorations and artwork used during this festive time.

The Number 9

The number 9 is a very important number in Persian culture and is often used in decorations and artwork during Nowruz. This is because the Persian word for 9, “nou,” sounds very similar to the word for new, “now.” It is believed that by using the number 9 in decorations and artwork, you are inviting new beginnings and positive changes into your life.

  • One popular decoration is the Haft Sin table, which features seven items, all starting with the Persian letter Sin. The table also includes items symbolizing the number 9, such as a bowl of vinegar, garlic, and apples.
  • The number 9 is also represented by the use of nine coins, representing wealth and prosperity, or nine candles, representing enlightenment and wisdom.
  • Another common decoration is the Nowruz banner, which features nine sections in different colors and patterns.
9 coinsWealth and prosperity
9 candlesEnlightenment and wisdom
Haft Sin tableSeven items starting with “sin” and items representing the number 9

The use of the number 9 in Nowruz decorations and artwork is a powerful symbol of new beginnings and positive change. By incorporating this number into your celebrations, you are opening your life up to the possibilities of the coming year.

Nowruz’s Influence on Persian and Islamic Art and Literature

Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a celebration of renewal, hope, and new beginnings. This theme carries over into Persian and Islamic art and literature, where Nowruz has had a profound influence.

The Symbolism of 10

  • Nowruz is celebrated on the first day of spring, which is the start of the Iranian calendar year.
  • But the significance of the number 10 goes beyond this date. In fact, Nowruz lasts for 13 days, and each day has its own particular significance.
  • The 10th day is known as “Sizdah Bedar,” meaning “13 in the outdoors.” This is a day for picnicking and enjoying nature.
  • The number 10 is also significant in Islamic culture, where it is associated with completion and perfection. Islam has the 10 commandments, and Muslims are required to pray five times a day, with each prayer consisting of two units, for a total of 10 units of prayer per day.
  • Additionally, there are 10 levels of heaven in Islamic tradition, and the 10th day of Muharram is a significant Shia holiday commemorating the battle of Karbala.

The symbolism of the number 10 is evident in Persian and Islamic art and literature, where it represents completion, perfection, and the cyclical nature of time and life.

The Conference of the BirdsFarid ud-Din AttarThis medieval Persian poem tells the story of a group of birds who go on a spiritual quest to find their king, the Simurgh. The journey takes them through seven valleys, each of which symbolizes a different stage of spiritual growth. The final valley, the Valley of Unity, has 10 stations which represent the 10 stages of perfection.
ShahnamehAbolqasem FerdowsiThis epic poem, also known as “The Book of Kings,” tells the mythological and historical stories of Iran. The poem consists of 60,000 couplets and is divided into three sections, each of which has 10 chapters.

The number 10 is also reflected in Islamic decorative arts, where it is common to see intricate geometric patterns made up of interlocking shapes. These patterns often feature 10-pointed stars and other designs that repeat in a symmetrical way.

FAQs About What Does Nowruz Symbolize

Q: What is Nowruz?
A: Nowruz is the Persian New Year and marks the first day of spring on the Iranian calendar.

Q: What does Nowruz symbolize?
A: Nowruz symbolizes new beginnings, renewal, and the triumph of good over evil.

Q: How is Nowruz celebrated?
A: Nowruz is celebrated with a number of traditions, including setting up a haftsin table, jumping over bonfires, and exchanging gifts with loved ones.

Q: What is a haftsin table?
A: A haftsin table is a traditional display which includes seven symbolic items, each beginning with the Persian letter “sin”.

Q: What are the seven items on a haftsin table?
A: The seven items on a haftsin table are sabzeh (wheat or lentil sprouts), samanu (sweet pudding), senjed (dried fruit), sir (garlic), serkeh (vinegar), somaq (sumac), and seer (apples).

Q: Why do people jump over bonfires during Nowruz?
A: Jumping over bonfires is a tradition which represents the burning away of negativity and the welcoming of a new year filled with positivity.

Q: How long does the celebration of Nowruz last?
A: The celebration of Nowruz lasts for 13 days, during which time people visit loved ones, attend festivals, and participate in other cultural events.

What Does Nowruz Symbolize: A Celebration of New Beginnings

Nowruz is a time to celebrate new beginnings, renewal, and the triumph of good over evil. From setting up haftsin tables to jumping over bonfires, this holiday is filled with traditions that remind us of the power of hope and positivity. As we welcome the spring and a new year, let us remember the significance of this holiday and the joy it brings to those who celebrate it. Thank you for reading and we hope to see you again soon!