Discovering the Meaning: What Does the Rabbit Symbolize in Chinese New Year?

Chinese New Year is undoubtedly one of the most colorful and most celebrated events in China. Every year, Chinese people flood the streets with lanterns, fireworks, and dancing dragons, welcoming the new lunar year with much gusto. One of the most recognizable symbols during this time is the rabbit, which holds significant meaning to the Chinese people. Have you ever wondered what the rabbit symbolizes in Chinese New Year?

In Chinese culture, the rabbit symbolizes prosperity, fertility, and abundance. It is one of the twelve zodiac animals in the Chinese horoscope and the fourth animal in the cycle. According to the myth, the Jade Emperor held a race among the twelve animals to determine their order on the zodiac calendar. The rabbit, known for its quickness and agility, managed to cross the finish line in fourth place. As a result, it secured its place as one of the zodiac animals and became a beloved symbol in Chinese folklore.

Apart from its zodiac significance, the rabbit also holds special meaning in Chinese New Year celebrations. The rabbit is a symbol of good fortune and represents the abundance of springtime. During the New Year festivities, Chinese people decorate their homes with various rabbit-themed items such as rabbit dolls, lanterns, and paintings. Worshipping the rabbit is also believed to bring blessings and good luck to a family’s wealth and prosperity. With all its symbolism, it’s no wonder the rabbit has become a favorite symbol in Chinese New Year.

The Significance of the Rabbit in Chinese Astrology

In Chinese astrology, each year is assigned an animal symbol that represents different personality traits and characteristics. The rabbit is one of the twelve zodiac animals in the Chinese lunar calendar and it is the fourth animal in the cycle. The rabbit symbolizes many different meanings and has been an important symbol in Chinese culture for centuries. Below are some of the unique characteristics and attributes associated with the rabbit in Chinese astrology.

  • The rabbit represents peace and harmony: Rabbits are gentle creatures that are known for their calmness and peacefulness. In Chinese culture, the rabbit is considered to be a symbol of peace and harmony.
  • The rabbit symbolizes good luck: According to Chinese folklore, the rabbit is believed to bring good luck, fortune, and prosperity. People born in the year of the rabbit are said to be lucky and fortunate.
  • The rabbit represents creativity and intelligence: Rabbits are known for their creativity and intelligence. They are often associated with artists, designers, and other creative types.

The rabbit is also associated with the moon in Chinese culture. In ancient times, people believed that the moon was inhabited by a rabbit that was constantly busy preparing a medicine of immortality. The rabbit’s association with the moon represents wisdom, intuition, and mystery.

People born in the year of the rabbit are believed to possess many of the same traits as the animal. They are typically kind, gentle, creative, and intelligent. They are also said to be lucky and fortunate in life. In Chinese astrology, the rabbit is one of the most popular and beloved animal symbols, and it has played an important role in Chinese culture for centuries.

Years of the Rabbit in Chinese AstrologyZodiac Compatibility
1927, 1939, 1951, 1963, 1975, 1987, 1999, 2011, 2023Tiger, Goat, Dog
Snake, Dragon, Pig
Monkey, Rooster, Rat

People born in the year of the rabbit are most compatible with those born in the year of the Tiger, Goat, and Dog. They are also compatible with those born in the year of the Snake, Dragon, and Pig, but may have some challenges in their relationship. Rabbits are least compatible with those born in the year of the Monkey, Rooster, and Rat.

Legends and Myths Related to the Rabbit in Chinese Culture

The rabbit is a prominent symbol in Chinese culture, particularly during the lunar New Year celebration. Many legends and myths are associated with the rabbit’s relationship with this traditional festival, and their roles have been passed down through centuries of Chinese folklore.

  • One of the most popular fables is the Jade Rabbit legend. According to the legend, three gods descended to the mortal world and disguised themselves as poor old men to test the kindness of the locals. They asked for food and shelter from a fox, a monkey, and a rabbit. The fox and monkey refused, leaving only the rabbit to share his humble meals with the old men. As a reward for his true kindness, the rabbit was lifted to the immortal world, recognized as the Jade Rabbit.
  • Another legend tells the story of how the rabbit became one of the 12 animals of the Chinese zodiac. According to the tale, the Jade Emperor held an animal race to determine the order of the 12 zodiac animals. The rabbit, unable to swim or run as fast as the other animals, hopped across the river on the backs of other creatures. The Emperor decided to make him the fourth animal of the zodiac year, marking the end of the three auspicious ones: rat, ox, and tiger.
  • Another story about the rabbit and Chinese New Year revolves around the Moon Goddess Chang’e. The Jade Emperor granted Chang’e to eternal life in the moon, but she became lonely and longed for earthly company. The Emperor allowed her to return to earth once every year on the 15th day of the first lunar month, known as the Lantern Festival. Legend has it that the Moon Goddess travels to earth on a chariot pulled by a team of rabbits.

The Rabbit in Chinese Culture

Much like how western astrology is based on the positioning of celestial bodies in the solar system, Chinese astrology is based on the Chinese zodiac and the 12 animals that represent it. Each animal in the Chinese zodiac has its certain character traits and symbolism. Those born in the year of the rabbit, for instance, are believed to be intelligent, responsive, and considerate. They are also perceived as sensitive souls, easily hurt by criticism.

The rabbit is also associated with the lunar cycle in Chinese culture, with the lunar New Year often referred to as the Spring Festival to symbolize rebirth and growth. As a new lunar cycle starts, people use this time to renew themselves and set fresh intentions for the year ahead. The rabbit is believed to bring good fortune and abundance, and its image is often incorporated into New Year decorations.

Zodiac SignCharacteristics
RabbitIntelligent, responsive, sensitive, and considerate

Overall, the rabbit plays a meaningful role in Chinese culture and is often celebrated for its kindness, intelligence, and other positive qualities. From mythical fables to astrological belief, it reminds us of new beginnings, positive energy, and good fortune during the lunar New Year celebration and beyond.

The Role of the Rabbit in Chinese Folklore

In Chinese folklore, the rabbit is a prominent and respected symbol. It represents many virtues and qualities that are highly valued in Chinese culture. Here are some of the ways the rabbit is depicted in Chinese folklore:

  • The rabbit is often associated with the moon and is depicted as a companion to the moon goddess Chang’e. Legend has it that the rabbit lives on the moon and pounds medicine for Chang’e.
  • The rabbit is highly regarded for its intelligence and resourcefulness. It is said that in one story, a rabbit outsmarted a fox by tricking it into believing there was a tiger ahead.
  • The rabbit is also associated with good fortune and luck. In Chinese astrology, people born in the Year of the Rabbit are believed to be blessed with many positive qualities, such as kindness, generosity, and a gentle nature.
  • The rabbit is often depicted as a symbol of fertility and new beginnings. In ancient Chinese tradition, it was believed that rabbits could conceive a new litter in the time it takes for a phoenix to fly overhead three times.

The Rabbit in Chinese New Year

The rabbit plays an important role in Chinese New Year celebrations. According to the Chinese zodiac, each year is governed by one of twelve animals, and the rabbit is one of them. People born in the Year of the Rabbit are said to embody the qualities and traits associated with this animal. During the Chinese New Year, celebrations often include references to the rabbit, such as decorations and greetings.

Furthermore, the rabbit’s association with fertility and new beginnings also makes it a fitting symbol for Chinese New Year, which is traditionally seen as a time of fresh starts and new opportunities. Many people believe that incorporating rabbit imagery and symbols into their New Year celebrations can bring good luck and fortune for the coming year.

The Rabbit in Modern Chinese Culture

The rabbit remains a beloved symbol in modern Chinese culture. Its popularity has been amplified in recent years with the rise of internet culture and particularly with the advent of social media. On platforms like WeChat and Weibo, animated rabbit stickers and emojis have become extremely popular, with people using them to express a wide range of emotions.

RabbitGood fortune, fertility, new beginnings
MoonTransformation, change
LotusPurity, enlightenment, rebirth

The rabbit’s appeal likely stems from its positive association with qualities such as intelligence, resourcefulness, and good fortune. Whether in ancient Chinese folklore or modern pop culture, the rabbit remains a treasured and meaningful symbol.

The symbolism of the rabbit in traditional Chinese medicine

Chinese medicine is deeply rooted in symbolism and animal motifs. The rabbit is no exception as it plays a vital role in traditional Chinese medicine. Here’s what the rabbit symbolizes in Chinese medicine:

  • Speed and agility: The rabbit is known for its incredible speed and agility. In Chinese medicine, the rabbit symbolizes quickness and agility of the mind and body.
  • Protection: In ancient times, rabbit fur was used to protect oneself from evil spirits. The rabbit symbolizes protection from harm and misfortune.
  • Balance: The rabbit is also associated with balance. Chinese medicine believes that a balanced mind and body are essential for good health. The rabbit symbolizes harmony and balance.

According to traditional Chinese medicine, each animal is also associated with a particular meridian, or energy pathway, in the body. The meridian associated with the rabbit is the liver meridian. The liver meridian is responsible for regulating the flow of energy in the body and is often associated with emotional wellbeing.

Here’s a table of the characteristics of the rabbit in traditional Chinese medicine:

Speed and agilityQuickness and agility of the mind and body
ProtectionShielding from harm and misfortune
BalanceHarmony and balance
Liver meridianRegulation of energy flow and emotional wellbeing

The rabbit holds significant symbolism in traditional Chinese medicine as an animal of agility, protection, and balance. Its association with the liver meridian emphasizes the importance of emotional wellbeing in maintaining good health.

Rabbit Zodiac Characteristics and Predictions for the New Year

The Rabbit is the fourth animal in the Chinese zodiac cycle, known for its gentle and calm nature. People born in the Year of the Rabbit are believed to possess the following characteristics:

  • Kind-hearted and compassionate
  • Polite and well-mannered
  • Hardworking and dedicated
  • Creative and artistic
  • Anxious and timid

In 2022, the Year of the Tiger, those born in the Year of the Rabbit can expect a prosperous and successful year. According to Chinese astrology, Rabbits may experience positive changes in their career, finances, and relationships. However, they should still be wary of unexpected challenges that may arise.

Rabbit Zodiac Predictions for the New Year

The Rabbit zodiac predictions for the new year include some helpful tips for those born in the Year of the Rabbit:

  • Focus on your career goals and work hard to achieve success.
  • Be cautious with your finances and avoid overspending.
  • Carefully manage your relationships with family, friends, and partners.
  • Take care of your mental and physical health, and practice mindfulness and self-care.

Rabbit Zodiac Compatibility Table

Rabbits are known for their loving and caring nature, making them compatible with certain zodiac signs:

Zodiac SignCompatibility
GoatGreat match for love and friendship.
PigCompatible on many levels, including romantic relationships and work partnerships.
DogWhile they have their differences, Rabbits and Dogs can complement each other well.
MonkeyNot the easiest match, but can still work if both parties are willing to compromise and communicate effectively.

It’s important to note that these compatibility predictions are not the be-all and end-all of a relationship, but rather a guide that can be used to gain insight into one’s connections with others.

Rabbit-themed decorations and traditions during Chinese New Year

The rabbit is one of the twelve zodiac animals in the Chinese calendar, and it symbolizes many positive traits such as gentleness, kindness, and creativity. During Chinese New Year, the rabbit is often used as a decoration and its symbolism is present in many traditions and customs.


  • Rabbit lanterns: These are often made from paper and lit up with candles or LED lights to add a warm and festive touch to the atmosphere.
  • Rabbit figurines: These are popular decorations that can be made from various materials such as porcelain, wood, or jade. They are often displayed on shelves or tables to bring good luck and prosperity.
  • Rabbit pillows: These are cute and comfortable additions to any couch or bed during Chinese New Year. They come in many different styles and colors and can be purchased or DIYed.


There are many traditions during Chinese New Year that incorporate the rabbit’s symbolism:

  • Wearing rabbit-themed clothing: Many people choose to wear clothing or accessories with rabbit motifs during Chinese New Year to bring good luck and happiness.
  • Eating rabbit-shaped foods: It is common to eat food in the shape of rabbits during Chinese New Year. For example, rabbit-shaped dumplings or cakes are popular choices.
  • Reading rabbit-themed stories: Children are often read stories about rabbits during Chinese New Year to learn about their positive traits and values.

Table Decorations

Table decorations are an important part of Chinese New Year celebrations, and the rabbit is often featured prominently in them. Here are some common rabbit-themed table decorations:

Rabbit-shaped dishesThese are dishes served in the shape of rabbits. They can include appetizers, desserts, or even main courses.
Rabbit centerpiecesThese are elaborate centerpieces made from flowers, fruits, or other decorative items arranged in the shape of a rabbit.
Rabbit-themed tableclothsThese are tablecloths printed with images or designs of rabbits to add a festive touch to the table.

Overall, the rabbit is a beloved symbol during Chinese New Year, and its positive traits and symbolism are incorporated into many decorations and traditions. Embracing the spirit of the rabbit can bring a sense of warmth and joy to the celebration.

Rabbit-related foods and dishes consumed during Chinese New Year

The Chinese New Year is a time of celebration, and food plays a significant role in the festivities. Rabbits are a popular symbol in Chinese culture, and many traditional dishes are associated with this fluffy creature. Here are some rabbit-related foods and dishes that are commonly consumed during Chinese New Year.

  • Rabbit-shaped candies: These sweet treats are made from maltose syrup and are shaped like rabbits. They are often given as gifts or enjoyed as a snack during festivities.
  • Rabbit-shaped pastries: Pastries are a significant part of Chinese New Year, and rabbit-shaped ones are particularly popular. These are usually filled with sweet or savory fillings, such as bean paste or meat.
  • Rabbit meat: While not as popular as other meats like chicken or pork, rabbit meat is still consumed during Chinese New Year. It is often used in stews or hot pot dishes.

In addition to these specific rabbit-related foods, there are also a number of other dishes that are traditionally consumed during Chinese New Year.

Some of the most popular include:

Dumplings: Dumplings are a staple of Chinese cuisine and are often eaten during the New Year celebrations. They are thought to bring wealth and good fortune due to their resemblance to ancient Chinese currency.

Spring rolls: Spring rolls are another popular dish during Chinese New Year. They are a symbol of wealth and prosperity and are traditionally filled with vegetables, meat, or seafood.

Nian gao: This sticky rice cake is a favorite during Chinese New Year and is believed to bring good luck. It is typically served sliced and fried until crispy, or steamed and eaten with sweet toppings.

Food or DishSymbolism
DumplingsWealth and good fortune
Spring RollsWealth and prosperity
Nian GaoGood luck

Overall, Chinese New Year is a time of celebration and food plays a crucial role in these festivities. Whether it’s enjoying rabbit-shaped candies or indulging in traditional dishes like dumplings and spring rolls, there are plenty of delicious options available.

The use of rabbit imagery in Chinese art and literature

The rabbit is a popular symbol in Chinese art and literature, particularly during the Chinese New Year celebrations. Its significance is rooted in Chinese mythology and folklore, where the rabbit is associated with luck, longevity, and fertility.

  • The rabbit is one of the 12 animals in the Chinese zodiac, representing those born in the years of the rabbit. People born in the year of the rabbit are believed to possess characteristics such as kindness, sensitivity, and creativity.
  • In Chinese paintings, the rabbit is often depicted alongside other symbols of good fortune, such as the peony flower and the magpie bird. These images are believed to bring blessings of prosperity and happiness.
  • In literature, the rabbit is featured in numerous tales and fables. One of the most well-known stories is the “Jade Rabbit,” which tells of a rabbit who lives on the moon and pounds medicine for the gods. The story symbolizes the importance of hard work and determination in achieving success.

The Number 8

The number 8 has special significance in Chinese culture, and is believed to bring good luck and fortune. This belief derives from the pronunciation of the number 8 in Chinese, which sounds similar to the word for “prosperity” and “wealth”.

The number 8 is often incorporated into Chinese New Year celebrations, with many traditional customs and activities taking place in sets of eight. For example, families may clean their homes and decorate with eight auspicious symbols, such as the dragon and phoenix, to invite good luck and positive energy.

One of the most popular Chinese New Year traditions involves giving ang paos, or red envelopes filled with money, to children and unmarried relatives. The amount of money given is often in denominations of eight, such as $8 or $88, to symbolize the wish for prosperity and good fortune throughout the year.

Number 8 SymbolismMeaning
Eight ImmortalsSymbol of eternal youth and longevity
Eight TreasuresSymbol of wealth and abundance
Eight Auspicious SymbolsSymbol of good fortune and positivity

The number 8 also plays a significant role in Chinese business culture, with many companies incorporating the number 8 into their branding and marketing strategies. For example, the Beijing Olympics began on August 8, 2008, at 8:08 pm, as the number 8 was believed to bring good luck and success to the event.

Rabbit-inspired fashion trends during Chinese New Year

The rabbit holds a significant place in the Chinese zodiac, being the fourth animal among the twelve animals in the Chinese calendar. In Chinese culture, the rabbit is believed to symbolize luck, peace, and family. During Chinese New Year, the rabbit appears to be a popular fashion motif in many Chinese communities.

  • The color red is dominant as it is believed to bring good fortune and happiness. Red rabbit-inspired outfits are very common during Chinese New Year celebrations.
  • Designers are incorporating rabbit-inspired clothing, accessories, and jewelry into their collections. This has made the rabbit a popular symbol during Chinese New Year.
  • Many outfits have rabbit embroidery, rabbit prints, or even rabbit ears on them. This trend has become increasingly popular among younger generations as they seek to celebrate their culture in a modern way.

The significance of number 9 in Chinese culture

In Chinese culture, the number nine is considered a lucky number as it sounds like the Chinese word “久” (jiǔ) which means long-lasting and eternal. The number nine also represents completeness and satisfaction in Chinese culture. Here are some interesting facts about the significance of the number nine in Chinese culture:

  • There are nine schools of classical Chinese painting, each with its own unique style.
  • The Forbidden City in Beijing has 9,999 rooms. The number 9, when repeated, emphasizes the concept of longevity and completeness.
  • In traditional Chinese medicine, there are nine acupuncture points on the body associated with the emotions and overall well-being of an individual.

Rabbit-inspired jewelry during Chinese New Year

Rabbit-inspired jewelry has become increasingly popular during Chinese New Year, with designers incorporating rabbit motifs into their collections. These pieces not only accentuate rabbit-inspired outfits but also bring a sense of good fortune and luck to those who wear them. Some popular rabbit-inspired jewelry includes:

Jewelry pieceMeaning
Rabbit earringsSymbolize longevity and happiness
Rabbit charm braceletsBring good fortune, good luck, and prosperity
Rabbit necklacesRepresent peace, tranquility, and family unity

The representation of the rabbit in contemporary Chinese media and entertainment.

As one of the twelve zodiac animals in the Chinese calendar, the rabbit has played an essential role in China’s cultural heritage. The symbolic significance of the rabbit is deeply ingrained in the customs and stories of the country. Even today, with the advancement of technology and changes in lifestyle, the rabbit continues to be a popular symbol in contemporary Chinese media and entertainment.

  • Comic books and animation: The rabbit has made appearances in numerous comic books and animated films in China. These depictions often showcase the rabbit as a lovable character with exceptional intelligence and agility, which adds to the appeal of the animal to younger audiences.
  • Television shows and movies: Many television shows and movies in China feature the rabbit. These depictions are often a representation of the Chinese zodiac animal, and they tend to be in the backdrop of significant events. For example, the third installment of the popular animated movie franchise Kung Fu Panda takes place in China and features the depiction of the rabbit as part of the main cast.
  • Advertising: Rabbits frequently appear in advertisements in China. Companies often use the animal’s image to promote their products, particularly clothing lines, as rabbits are often associated with softness and comfort.

Aside from these modern depictions, the rabbit’s role in traditional festivals, especially Chinese New Year, continues to be celebrated in contemporary China.

The table below lists some of the symbolic meanings associated with the rabbit in Chinese culture and its significance during the Lunar New Year.

Symbolic MeaningSignificance during Lunar New Year
WealthRabbit figurines are popular decorations during Chinese New Year as they are believed to bring wealth and prosperity to households.
LongevityThe rabbit is also associated with longevity and good health. The Chinese believe that eating rabbit meat and drinking its blood will promote longevity.
FamilyAs a family-oriented animal, the rabbit is significant in Chinese New Year celebrations that center around family reunions. It is symbolic of the hope that family members will stick together and create a tight-knit bond.

The rabbit’s role in contemporary Chinese media and entertainment is a testament to the animal’s enduring significance in Chinese culture. Its symbolism has evolved over time, but its essence remains the same, representing prosperity, health, and family.

FAQs: What Does the Rabbit Symbolize in Chinese New Year?

1. What is the significance of the rabbit in Chinese culture?
In Chinese culture, the rabbit is considered a symbol of kindness, compassion, and fertility. It is also believed to bring good luck and prosperity.

2. Why is the rabbit the fourth animal in the Chinese zodiac?
According to legend, the Jade Emperor invited 12 animals to participate in a race to determine the order of the zodiac. The rabbit placed fourth because it used clever tactics to cross the river and reach the finish line.

3. How is the rabbit celebrated during Chinese New Year?
People often decorate their homes with rabbit-themed items, such as lanterns and paper cutouts. They may also place rabbit figurines on their altars and offer food and incense as a sign of respect.

4. What do rabbits symbolize in Chinese folklore?
Rabbits are often associated with the moon and are said to be companions of the moon goddess Chang’e. They are also seen as messengers of the gods and are sometimes depicted carrying messages or blessings.

5. Are there any taboos related to rabbits during Chinese New Year?
Some people believe that eating rabbit meat during the holiday is bad luck, as it may bring misfortune to the family. It is also considered unlucky to point at the moon with your finger, as this is believed to turn the moon goddess’ face away from you.

6. How do rabbits relate to Chinese medicine?
In traditional Chinese medicine, rabbit meat is believed to have warming properties and is sometimes used to treat certain ailments. Rabbit fur and bones are also used in some remedies.

7. What lessons can we learn from the rabbit in Chinese culture?
The rabbit’s quick thinking and resourcefulness teach us the value of cleverness and strategic planning. Its gentle nature and ability to bring joy and happiness also remind us of the importance of kindness and compassion in our daily lives.

Closing Thoughts

We hope this article has shed some light on the significance of the rabbit in Chinese culture and the role it plays in the celebration of Chinese New Year. From its association with good luck and prosperity to its lessons on cleverness and compassion, the rabbit is a fascinating symbol that continues to inspire and delight. Thank you for reading, and we invite you to visit us again soon for more insights on Chinese culture and traditions.