When it comes to American literature, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby remains a classic that continues to capture the hearts of readers across generations. Amongst the many themes and symbols that permeate the pages of this novel, one of the most notable ones is the wealthy enclave of West Egg. So, what does West Egg symbolize in The Great Gatsby? To put it simply, it represents the new money class – those who have recently become wealthy, usually as a result of industrialisation or financial dealings. West Egg is home to the likes of Jay Gatsby, who have accumulated their fortune in less conventional ways than the established aristocracy of the nearby East Egg.
As much as the West Egg represents the attainment of the American Dream, it also highlights the divide between the old and new money. This division is particularly pronounced in Gatsby’s case, as he tries to fit into the established social circles of East Egg despite his lack of lineage. Gatsby’s lavish parties and extravagant lifestyle are his attempts at gaining acceptance from the ‘old money’ crowd, and West Egg embodies his attempts at climbing the social ladder. Despite his wealth, he remains an outsider in the eyes of people like Tom Buchanan, who represent the established elite.
What makes West Egg such a powerful symbol in The Great Gatsby is not just its association with wealth, but also with the consequences of the pursuit of wealth. For Gatsby, his obsession with Daisy Buchanan is the catalyst for his financial success and his downfall. His society, built on shaky foundations of bootlegging and shady dealings, ultimately leads to his tragic demise. So in a sense, West Egg becomes a metaphor for the corrupting influence of wealth and power, and the dangers of losing sight of what truly matters in life.
The American Dream
The American Dream has been an ideal for centuries, reflecting the belief that anyone, regardless of their background, can achieve success through hard work and determination. This idea is prominent in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby, as the characters are all in pursuit of their own versions of the American Dream. The novel is set in the early 1920s, a time of economic prosperity and social change, where the concept of the American Dream was at its peak.
What Does West Egg Symbolize in The Great Gatsby?
- The American Dream
- Wealth and extravagance
- The nouveau riche
The location of West Egg in The Great Gatsby symbolizes the American Dream and the idea that anyone can achieve success and wealth. West Egg is where “new money” resides, those who have recently acquired their wealth through various means, such as bootlegging, crime, and other shady dealings. These individuals have not inherited their wealth, unlike the residents of the neighboring East Egg, who have a long history of inherited wealth and aristocracy.
The Illusion of the American Dream
Fitzgerald uses the character of Jay Gatsby to portray the illusion of the American Dream. Gatsby, a young man born into poverty, reinvents himself as a wealthy and sophisticated man in pursuit of his love interest, Daisy Buchanan. Despite achieving great fortune through illegal means, Gatsby still sees himself as unworthy of Daisy’s love and acceptance due to his lowly background. This reinforces the idea that even those who achieve the American Dream may not find true happiness or satisfaction.
The American Dream in The Great Gatsby is not just about the pursuit of wealth and success, but also about the corruption and destruction that come with it. The characters in the novel are consumed by their desire for material wealth and status, leading them to engage in immoral and destructive behaviors. The novel explores the theme that the pursuit of the American Dream can lead to the loss of moral integrity and the corruption of society as a whole.
|The American Dream in The Great Gatsby||Representation|
|Wealth and success||West Egg, new money|
|Old money and aristocracy||East Egg|
|The Illusion of the American Dream||Jay Gatsby|
|Corruption and destruction||The characters’ desires for wealth and status|
The Great Gatsby’s portrayal of the American Dream highlights the idea that material wealth and success do not necessarily lead to happiness and fulfillment. It also cautions against the destructive nature of greed and ambition, warning of the potential consequences of the unrestrained pursuit of the American Dream.
Excess and Extravagance
West Egg represents a world of excess and extravagance. Everything about this community is over-the-top, from the flamboyant parties to the sprawling mansions. The residents of West Egg are obsessed with displaying their wealth and status, and they spare no expense in doing so.
The Great Gatsby is a commentary on the excesses of the Roaring Twenties, and West Egg is its purest expression. Fitzgerald uses this community to critique the materialism and shallowness of the era, highlighting the fact that many people were more concerned with accumulating wealth than they were with living meaningful lives.
Examples of Excess and Extravagance in West Egg
- The party scenes, where hundreds of guests drink themselves into oblivion, dance until dawn, and engage in reckless behavior
- The mansions lining the shores of Long Island Sound, which feature everything from Olympic-sized swimming pools to private movie theaters
- The lavish cars – Rolls-Royces, Ferraris, and Bugattis – that are parked outside these mansions
The Consequences of Excess and Extravagance
While the residents of West Egg may appear to be living the dream, the reality is far different. Fitzgerald suggests that their obsession with wealth and status has left them lonely, empty, and disillusioned. Characters like Gatsby and Daisy are haunted by their pasts and driven to reckless behavior because of their materialistic desires. Even though they have everything money can buy, they are unable to find true happiness or fulfillment.
“They were careless people, Tom and Daisy—they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made.” -Nick Carraway describing Tom and Daisy’s disregard for others.
|The Green Light||Represents Gatsby’s impossible dream of being with Daisy Buchanan.|
|The Valley of Ashes||Represents the decay and morallessness of the world of the wealthy.|
|The Eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg||Represents the eyes of God, watching over the moral decay of society.|
The excess and extravagance of West Egg ultimately lead to its downfall, as characters like Gatsby and the Buchanans are unable to escape the consequences of their own actions. Fitzgerald uses this world to explore the dangers of unchecked materialism, reminding readers that true happiness cannot be bought.
New Money vs. Old Money
One of the major themes in The Great Gatsby is the contrast between new money and old money. New money refers to those who have recently come into wealth, while old money refers to those who inherited their wealth and have had it for generations. This divide is particularly evident in the setting of the novel, with the newly wealthy living in West Egg and the old money families residing in East Egg.
- Old Money: The old money families of East Egg represent the traditional aristocracy of America. They have inherited their wealth from their ancestors and view their social status as a birthright. This group is represented by characters like Tom and Daisy Buchanan, who feel entitled to their wealth and see those in West Egg as inferior. They are conservative and resistant to change, preferring to maintain the status quo.
- New Money: In contrast, the newly wealthy of West Egg represent the rise of the American Dream and the potential for anyone to achieve success through hard work and determination. However, their newfound wealth is often seen as vulgar and lacking in taste by the old money families. This group is represented by characters like Jay Gatsby, who has made his fortune through shady business dealings but is desperate to be accepted by the old money world. These characters are often more ambitious and willing to take risks in order to achieve their goals.
- The Symbolism of West Egg: West Egg, as the home of the new money families, represents the potential for upward mobility and the American Dream. However, it is also associated with excess, vulgarity, and a lack of taste. This is particularly evident in Gatsby’s mansion, with its garish decorations and ostentatious displays of wealth. The residents of West Egg are striving to be accepted by the old money families of East Egg, but they are ultimately unable to escape their humble origins and vulgar displays of wealth.
The Downfall of Both New and Old Money
Despite their differences, both the old money families of East Egg and the new money residents of West Egg are ultimately doomed to fail. Their obsession with wealth and status blinds them to the more important aspects of life, such as love, friendship, and morality. Additionally, their pursuit of wealth often leads them to engage in immoral or illegal activities, such as Tom’s affair with Myrtle or Gatsby’s bootlegging operation. In the end, both old money and new money are unable to provide true happiness or fulfillment, and their excesses ultimately lead to their downfall.
The novel serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of materialism and the pursuit of wealth at all costs. By contrasting the two worlds of East Egg and West Egg, Fitzgerald highlights the flaws and shortcomings of the American Dream and the pursuit of social status. Both old and new money are ultimately shown to be empty and unsatisfying, and the characters who embody these values are ultimately punished for their greed and ambition.
The Role of Geography in Class Division
The East Egg-West Egg divide also serves as a commentary on the role of geography in perpetuating class division. The characters of East Egg are depicted as living in a more exclusive and prestigious area, symbolizing their higher social status. Similarly, the characters of West Egg are shown to be striving for acceptance and success, living in a less prestigious area but with more potential for upward mobility.
|East Egg||West Egg|
|Old money families||Newly wealthy|
|Conservative and resistant to change||Ambitious and willing to take risks|
|Associated with exclusivity and prestige||Associated with excess and vulgarity|
The geographical divide between East and West Egg reinforces the divide between old and new money, with each area symbolizing the values and beliefs of its residents. However, this division also highlights the arbitrary nature of social class and the ease with which it can be perpetuated by external factors such as geography and location.
The Corruption of the Wealthy
In The Great Gatsby, the wealthy inhabitants of West Egg find themselves corrupted by their abundance of money and power. The novel portrays the disastrous consequences of this corruption, particularly when it comes to the accumulation of wealth and the pursuit of status.
- Gatsby himself is emblematic of this corruption, having gained his wealth through illegal means such as bootlegging. Despite this, he is constantly striving for more, and his obsession with obtaining a higher social status leads to tragic consequences.
- Tom and Daisy Buchanan, on the other hand, were born into their wealth, but this only makes them more entitled and careless in their actions. They cheat on each other without consequences and take advantage of others with no regard for their feelings.
- Myrtle Wilson, one of the novel’s few lower-class characters, is seduced by the lavish lifestyle of the rich and powerful, even if it means having an affair with Tom Buchanan and ultimately being killed because of it.
Ultimately, the corruption of the wealthy in West Egg highlights the dangers of unchecked greed and the consequences of a society that values shallow materialism above all else. It serves as a cautionary tale for those who aspire to amass wealth and power without considering the impact of their actions on others.
Interestingly enough, the corruption of the wealthy in The Great Gatsby has echoes in our own society today. The obsession with status and material wealth can be seen in the rampant consumerism and fervent pursuit of wealth that dominates our culture. The novel serves as a reminder to be mindful of the consequences of our actions and to strive for a more balanced approach to life that values human connection and community over individual gain.
The Wealthy as Symbol of Corruption in West Egg
The inhabitants of West Egg, with their extravagant wealth and ostentatious displays of status, can be seen as symbols of the corruption that pervades the novel. They exist in a world where money and power reign supreme, and the consequences of their actions are often swept under the rug or ignored completely.
|Examples of Wealthy Characters in West Egg||Actions that Highlight their Corruption|
|Gatsby||Illegally acquired his wealth through bootlegging and other illegal activities; obsesses over Daisy Buchanan, often going to extreme lengths to win her back|
|Daisy Buchanan||Cheats on her husband Tom with Gatsby; hits and kills Myrtle Wilson with Gatsby’s car, but is allowed to get away with it due to her wealth and status|
|Tom Buchanan||Cheats on his wife Daisy with Myrtle Wilson and shows no remorse for his infidelity; is violently abusive towards his mistress and towards anyone who challenges his authority|
The corruption of the wealthy in West Egg serves as a commentary on the dangers of unchecked capitalism and the pursuit of wealth at all costs. It highlights the moral decay that can occur when materialism is allowed to run rampant, and the disastrous consequences that can result from such a society.
West vs. East
One of the central motifs in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby is the contrast between the East Egg and West Egg, the two fictional neighborhoods on Long Island Sound that are separated by a bay. The East Egg represents the world of inherited wealth, prestige, and superficiality, while the West Egg represents the world of self-made fortunes, hope, and ambition. This contrast is a reflection of the larger theme of the American Dream and the corruption of its ideals.
- Geographical Symbolism: The East Egg is located on the more fashionable side of the island and is where old money resides. It is associated with decadence, social snobbery, and a sense of entitlement. On the other hand, the West Egg is the new money area, where bootleggers and other nouveau riche characters live. It is associated with aspiring, striving characters who are still trying to find their place in the world.
- Character Symbolism: The characters in the East Egg are all born into wealth, and their lives revolve around maintaining that status. They are often viewed as shallow and uninteresting, with their only concerns being money and social status. The characters in the West Egg, particularly Jay Gatsby, are much more complex and nuanced. They are striving to achieve a better life, and are willing to work hard to achieve it.
- Symbolism in Relationships: The relationships between characters in the East Egg are often empty and superficial. The characters are only interested in maintaining their social status, and their marriages are often loveless and unhappy. In contrast, the relationships in the West Egg are much more passionate and genuine. Characters like Gatsby and Nick Carraway are searching for something deeper than mere social status, and their relationships are fraught with a sense of longing and purpose.
Overall, West Egg symbolizes the hope and ambition of the American Dream, while East Egg represents its corruption and decay. The contrast between the two neighborhoods serves as a powerful symbol of the larger themes of the novel, and the struggle to achieve a better life in the face of societal decay and disillusionment.
|Symbol||East Egg||West Egg|
|Geography||Fashionable Side||Opposite Side|
|Characters||Shallow and Entitled||Striving and Ambitious|
|Relationships||Superficial and Loveless||Passionate and Genuine|
The table above summarizes the key differences between East Egg and West Egg, and underscores the symbolic significance of each neighborhood.
Social Class and Status
One of the main themes in The Great Gatsby is social class and status. The characters are divided into three main groups: the wealthy upper class, the middle class, and the poor lower class. The location of where characters live in the book also signifies their social status. For example, the wealthy live in East Egg, while the middle class and the poor live in West Egg.
- East Egg represents old money and long-established wealth, while West Egg represents new money and those who have recently become wealthy. This is shown through the characters of Tom and Daisy Buchanan, who live in East Egg, versus Jay Gatsby, who lives in West Egg.
- The characters in West Egg try to imitate the lifestyle of those in East Egg but often fall short, highlighting the divide between the two social classes.
- Throughout the novel, it is clear that people’s social status is determined by their wealth and background, rather than their character or actions.
A significant symbol in the book is the number six, which represents the idea of the American Dream and the pursuit of wealth and success. In The Great Gatsby, the number six is seen on the clock in Gatsby’s room, and it is also the number of years that Gatsby and Daisy have been apart. This reinforces the idea that Gatsby’s pursuit of Daisy is not just about love, but also about acquiring wealth and status through his association with her.
|East Egg||Old money and established wealth|
|West Egg||New money and those who have recently become wealthy|
|Number Six||American Dream and pursuit of wealth|
In conclusion, social class and status play a crucial role in The Great Gatsby. The divide between the wealthy upper class and the lower classes is highlighted through the use of location, and the pursuit of wealth and success is a central theme throughout the novel.
Illusion and Reality
In The Great Gatsby, West Egg symbolizes illusion and reality. This is because the people who live in West Egg are characterized by their desire to achieve the American Dream through dishonest means. This leads to an illusion of success and wealth, while in reality, the characters are not truly happy and fulfilled. One notable example of this symbolism in the novel is the recurring theme of the number 7.
The Number 7
- The first mention of the number 7 occurs when Gatsby shows Nick his schedule, which is filled with elaborate plans and parties that begin at 7 pm.
- Gatsby’s mansion is described as having “a tower on one side, spanking new under a thin beard of raw ivy, and a marble swimming pool, and more than forty acres of lawn and garden” and “the lawn started at the beach and ran toward the front door for a quarter of a mile, jumping over sun-dials and brick walls and burning gardens.” The number seven appears again in the shape of the lawn, which is divided into seven parts.
- The climax of the novel takes place in chapter 7 when Gatsby and Tom have a confrontation, which results in the death of Myrtle and eventually Gatsby himself.
The significance of the number 7 in The Great Gatsby is open to interpretation, but some suggest that the number represents a misdirection of personal will or that it represents an existential threat or a mortal challenge. Another interpretation is that the number seven is meant to represent the seven deadly sins which are wrath, greed, sloth, pride, lust, envy, and gluttony. All of these themes and interpretations add to the symbolism of illusion and reality in West Egg.
The Illusion of West Egg
The illusion of West Egg is not only represented through the symbolism of the number seven, but it is also evident in the characters themselves. For example, Gatsby is a self-made man who appears to live a life of luxury and abundance, but in reality, he is deeply unhappy and unfulfilled. He leads a life built on deceit and illusion, hiding his true identity and past from those around him. Similarly, Tom and Daisy Buchanan appear to have everything they could possibly want, but they are both deeply unhappy and unfulfilled, as they too are caught up in the illusion of wealth and status.
The Reality of East Egg
On the other hand, East Egg represents the reality of life, where people are honest and true to themselves. Nick, the narrator of the story, lives in East Egg and is an observer of the corruption and deceit of West Egg. He recognizes that the life he leads is not as glamorous or exciting as the one Gatsby leads, but he is content with his reality, where honesty and integrity are valued. Thus, East Egg represents the reality of life, while West Egg represents the illusion of success and wealth.
|Symbolism||West Egg||East Egg|
|Illusion vs. Reality||Symbolizes illusion and dishonesty||Symbolizes reality and honesty|
|Wealth and Status||Built on dishonest means||Built on honesty and integrity|
|Characters||Gatsby, Tom and Daisy Buchanan||Nick|
The symbolism of West Egg and East Egg in The Great Gatsby is integral to understanding the struggle between illusion and reality in the novel. The number 7 exemplifies this theme, as do the characters who inhabit each of the communities. In essence, West Egg symbolizes the pursuit of wealth and status through deception and corruption, whereas East Egg represents the reality of a life lived with honesty and integrity.
Isolation and Loneliness
The West Egg in The Great Gatsby serves as a symbolic representation of isolation and loneliness among the characters. The extravagance of the West Egg’s inhabitants, with their ostentatious displays of wealth and disregard for social norms, adds to their loneliness and disconnect from the world around them.
One of the most prominent themes of the West Egg is the motif of isolation. Characters such as Jay Gatsby and Nick Carraway feel isolated in their social circles, despite their immense wealth and status. Gatsby, for example, throws lavish parties every weekend in hopes of rekindling a past relationship with Daisy Buchanan, but ultimately dies alone and isolated from the world.
- Gatsby’s isolation is further emphasized by the fact that he lives in a grand mansion, but only with his servants, and has no close friends or family to share his life with.
- Nick Carraway, similarly, is isolated from the world around him due to his disillusionment with the decadent lifestyle of the wealthy.
- The characters in West Egg have built these extravagant lives, but in doing so have also built walls around themselves, leaving them alone and unfulfilled.
In addition to isolation, the West Egg also symbolizes loneliness. The characters in the novel are often surrounded by others, yet remain lonely in their pursuits for wealth, status, and love. Gatsby is a prime example of this, as his excessive wealth and parties ultimately serve as distractions from his true desire for love and companionship with Daisy.
The following table highlights the key aspects of the West Egg’s symbolism:
|Isolation||The characters in the West Egg are isolated from the world around them, despite their immense wealth and status. They build walls around themselves, leaving them alone and unfulfilled.|
|Loneliness||Despite being surrounded by others, the characters in the West Egg remain lonely in their pursuits for wealth, status, and love.|
Overall, the West Egg serves as a powerful symbol of isolation and loneliness in The Great Gatsby, emphasizing the ultimate emptiness of excessive wealth and status.
The Role of Women in Society
Throughout The Great Gatsby, women are depicted as having limited power and agency in a male-dominated society. While some female characters attempt to assert their independence and challenge traditional gender roles, they ultimately face significant barriers to achieving true equality.
- The objectification of women: Women in the novel are frequently seen as objects to be controlled or possessed by men. The character of Myrtle Wilson, for example, is continually subject to abuse and manipulation by both her husband and her lover. Similarly, Daisy Buchanan is often treated as a commodity by the men in her life.
- The limitations of societal expectations: The pressure to conform to gender norms also restricts women’s freedom and ability to pursue their goals. Jordan Baker, for instance, faces skepticism and disapproval due to her unconventional lifestyle as a professional golfer. Even when she succeeds in her sport, she is ultimately held back by societal prejudices and expectations.
- The role of women as status symbols: In the world of the novel, women often serve as a means for men to demonstrate their wealth and social status. This is epitomized by Gatsby’s fixation on Daisy, whom he sees as a symbol of his own success and achievement. This perception reduces Daisy’s value to her appearance and social standing rather than her own strengths and qualities as a person.
The limited agency of women in the novel highlights the lingering inequalities and injustices of a patriarchal society. Despite their struggles, however, many female characters still manage to carve out spaces of independence and assert their own values and desires.
|Character||Challenges to Social Norms|
|Jordan Baker||Pursuing a career in a male-dominated sport|
|Myrtle Wilson||Having an affair outside of her marriage|
|Daisy Buchanan||Defying her husband to pursue a relationship with Gatsby|
In conclusion, The Great Gatsby offers a complex portrayal of the role of women in society during the 1920s. While women face significant challenges and obstacles, they are also capable of asserting their own autonomy and challenging traditional gender norms. Their struggles reflect the larger social and cultural changes taking place during the era, and highlight the ongoing need for continued progress towards gender equality.
The Decay of the American Dream
In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby, the West Egg symbolizes the decay of the American Dream. The American Dream, as understood in the early 20th century, involved the attainment of wealth and success through hard work, perseverance, and determination. However, Fitzgerald uses the West Egg, a wealthy and ostentatious neighborhood, to suggest that the American Dream has become corrupted and decayed.
- The West Egg represents the newly rich who have stumbled upon their fortunes, rather than achieving them through hard work and dedication. These individuals, like Gatsby, may have come by their wealth through illegal or unethical means, further highlighting the decay of the American Dream.
- The opulence and extravagance of the West Egg serves to underscore the idea that wealth and success have become the ultimate goals of society. Rather than focusing on the greater good or the betterment of society, individuals in the West Egg are concerned only with their own personal gain.
- The West Egg is also a symbol of the excesses of the jazz age. The parties and lavish lifestyles of the West Egg’s residents suggest a society that has lost touch with its values and morals.
In conclusion, Fitzgerald uses the West Egg in The Great Gatsby to represent the decay of the American Dream. The newly rich who reside in the West Egg symbolize the corruption and decay that has infiltrated American society. The excesses and lack of values in the West Egg highlight the excesses and lack of moral compass that have come to define the American Dream.
Ultimately, Fitzgerald’s novel serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of putting wealth and success above all else. The West Egg represents the decay of the American Dream, but it also serves as a warning that the pursuit of these goals can lead individuals and society down a dangerous path.
What Does West Egg Symbolize in The Great Gatsby? – FAQs
1. What is West Egg in The Great Gatsby?
West Egg is a fictional place in The Great Gatsby that represents a newly wealthy area of Long Island, New York. It is where the characters Jay Gatsby and Nick Carraway live.
2. What does West Egg symbolize in The Great Gatsby?
West Egg symbolizes the American Dream, a desire for wealth and success that defines America. However, the West Egg represents the corrupt side of that dream, where people achieve wealth through illegal means or by exploiting others.
3. What is the difference between West Egg and East Egg?
East Egg is the old money area in Long Island, where people have inherited their wealth and status. West Egg, on the other hand, is the new money area, where people have recently become rich through questionable means.
4. What is the significance of West Egg in The Great Gatsby?
West Egg represents the moral decay of the American Dream, as characters in the novel pursue wealth and status at any cost, including illegal activities and immoral behavior.
5. How does the setting of West Egg affect the characters in The Great Gatsby?
The setting of West Egg affects the characters in The Great Gatsby by making them feel discontented with their lives and constantly striving for more wealth and status. It also exposes the moral decay of the American Dream, as characters resort to unethical behavior to achieve their goals.
6. What does the green light in The Great Gatsby symbolism in relation to West Egg?
The green light in The Great Gatsby symbolizes the future and the unattainable. It represents Gatsby’s dream of winning back his lost love, Daisy, who lives across the bay in the old money area of East Egg. The green light can also be seen as a symbol of Gatsby’s longing for acceptance by the upper class.
7. Does West Egg represent hope or despair in The Great Gatsby?
West Egg represents both hope and despair in The Great Gatsby. It is a symbol of hope for the characters who have recently become wealthy but also represents the despair and moral decay that can come with achieving the American Dream.
So there you have it, West Egg represents the corrupt side of the American Dream and the moral decay that can come with achieving wealth and status through questionable means. It is a symbol of both hope and despair and has a significant impact on the characters in The Great Gatsby. Thank you for taking the time to read this article, and I hope you’ll visit again soon for more engaging content.